Black , Sir James Whyte

Black , Sir James Whyte
(1924–) British biochemist
Black graduated from St. Andrews University in 1946 and, after a number of academic posts, joined ICI as a pharmacologist (1958–64). After working with Smith, Kline and French he became professor of pharmacology at University College, London (1973–77), before joining Wellcome as Director of Therapeutic Research (1978–84). Since 1984 he has been professor of analytical pharmacology at King's College Hospital, London.
Black has been associated with two important advances in pharmacology. In the 1950s he isolated the first beta blockers. These are compounds that prevent the stimulation of certain nerve endings (beta receptors) in the sympathetic nervous system, thus reducing heart activity. Beta blockers are widely used to treat hypertension and angina. His subsequent work has been concerned with the control of gastric ulcers and his discovery of the drug cimetidine, which reduces acid secretion in the stomach and is used to treat ulcers in the stomach and duodenum. For this work and his earlier work on beta blockers he was awarded the 1988 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Black,Sir James Whyte — Black, Sir James Whyte. Born 1924. British pharmacologist. He shared a 1988 Nobel Prize for developing drugs to treat heart disease and stomach and duodenal ulcers. * * * …   Universalium

  • Black, Sir James (Whyte) — born June 14, 1924, Uddingston, Scot. Scottish pharmacologist. Through studying interactions between receptors on cells and chemicals in the bloodstream that attach to them, Black developed the first of the beta blocking drugs, to relieve angina… …   Universalium

  • Black, Sir James (Whyte) — (n. 14 jun. 1924, Uddingston, Escocia). Farmacólogo escocés. Al estudiar las interacciones entre los receptores celulares y las sustancias químicas de la sangre que se fijan a ellos, desarrolló las primeras drogas beta bloqueadoras para el alivio …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Black, Sir James — ▪ British pharmacologist in full  Sir James Whyte Black   born June 14, 1924, Uddingston, Scot.       British pharmacologist who (along with George H. Hitchings and Gertrude B. Elion) received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1988… …   Universalium

  • James Whyte Black — Pour les articles homonymes, voir James Black et Black. Sir James Whyte Black, né le 14 juillet 1924 et mort le 22 mars 2010[1], était un médecin et pharmacologue écossais qui a inventé le propranolol et a participé …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James Whyte Black — Sir James Whyte Black O.M. (* 14. Juni 1924 in Uddingston, Lanarkshire, Schottland; † 21. März 2010) war ein britischer Pharmakologe. Er ist maßgeblich für die Entwicklung der als Arzneimittel genutzten Betablocker und H2 Antihistaminika… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Whyte Black — Sir James Whyte Black, OM, FRS (Uddingston, Escocia, 14 de julio de 1924 22 de marzo de 2010[1] ) fue un farmacólogo británico, inventor del propranolol y la cimetidina. Contenido 1 Biografía …   Wikipedia Español

  • James Whyte Black — Sir James Whyte Black (1924 ). Farmacólogo británico, nacido en Uddingston (Escocia). Tras licenciarse en medicina en la Universidad escocesa de Saint Andrews (1946) alternó la enseñanza con la investigación hasta convertirse en 1978 en director… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1988: James Whyte Black — Gertrude Belle Elion — George Herbert Hitchings —   Die Wissenschaftler wurden für wegweisende Entdeckungen wichtiger biochemischer Prinzipien der Arzneimitteltherapie ausgezeichnet.    Biografien   Sir (seit 1981) James Whyte Black, * Uddingston (Schottland) 14. 6. 1924; 1947 59 als… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • James W. Black — James Whyte Black Pour les articles homonymes, voir James Black et Black. Sir James Whyte Black, né le 14 juillet 1924, est un médecin et pharmacologue écossais qui a inventé le propranolol de la cimétidine de synthèse a obtenu le Prix… …   Wikipédia en Français

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