- Weber , Wilhelm Eduard
- (1804–1891) German physicistWeber was the son of a professor of divinity and brother of the noted scientists Ernst Heinrich Weber and Eduard Friedrich Weber, both of whom worked in anatomy and physiology. He was born in Wittenberg in Germany and studied physics at Halle, where his early research concerned acoustics. He obtained his PhD in 1826 for a thesis on reed organ pipes. He remained teaching at Halle until 1831 when he was made professor of physics at Göttingen on the recommendation of the mathematician Karl Friedrich Gauss.Some of Weber's research was done in collaboration with his brothers. Thus in 1824 he published work on wave motion with Ernst, and in 1833 he and Eduard investigated the mechanism of walking. However, most of his academic life was spent working with Gauss. In 1833 they built the first practical telegraph between their laboratories to coordinate their experiments on geomagnetism. In 1837 Weber lost his post for opposing the new king of Hannover's interference with the State constitution. Nevertheless, he stayed in Göttingen for a further six years until he was appointed professor at Leipzig. Here, he improved the tangent galvanometer invented by Hermann von Helmholtz and built an electrodynamometer suitable for studying the force produced by one electric current on another.His main work was the development of a system of units that expressed electrical concepts in terms of mass, length, and time. Gauss had previously done this for magnetism. Since force was expressed in these dimensions, he was then able to find his law of electric force. The principle was not very satisfactory because it did not conserve energy, but with it Weber publicized the view that matter was made up of charged particles held together by the force. This inspired the direction that physics took in the latter half of the century. The units of Gauss and Weber were adopted at an international conference in Paris in 1881. The unit of magnetic flux (the weber) is named in his honor.In 1849 he returned to his post in Göttingen and collaborated with R.H.A. Kohlrausch in measuring the ratio between static and dynamic units of electric charge. This turned out to be the speed of light; this unexpected link between electricity and optics became central to James Clerk Maxwell's great development of electromagnetic field theory.
Scientists. Academic. 2011.
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Weber, Wilhelm Eduard — ▪ German physicist born Oct. 24, 1804, Wittenberg, Ger. died June 23, 1891, Göttingen German physicist who, with his friend Carl Friedrich Gauss (Gauss, Carl Friedrich), investigated terrestrial magnetism and in 1833 devised an… … Universalium
Weber, Wilhelm Eduard — ► (1804 91) Físico alemán. Con el matemático Gauss estableció la teoría del magnetismo terrestre … Enciclopedia Universal
WEBER, WILHELM EDUARD — German physicist, born at Wittenberg; professor at Göttingen; distinguished for his contributions to electricity and magnetism, both scientific and practical (1801 1891) … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
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Wilhelm Eduard Weber — Infobox Scientist name = Wilhelm Weber caption = Wilhelm Eduard Weber (1804 1891) birth date = birth date|1804|10|24|mf=y birth place = Wittenberg, Germany death date = death date and age|1891|6|23|1804|10|24|mf=y death place = Göttingen, Germany … Wikipedia
Wilhelm Eduard Weber — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Weber. Portrait de Wilhelm Weber Wilhelm Eduard Weber (24 octobre 1804 à Lutherstadt … Wikipédia en Français
Wilhelm Eduard Weber — Wilhelm Eduard Weber, Lithographie von Rudolf Hoffmann 1856 Wilhelm Eduard Weber (* 24. Oktober 1804 in Wittenberg; † 23. Juni 1891 in Göttingen) war ein deutscher Physiker. Die SI Einheit „Weber“ (abgekürzt Wb) de … Deutsch Wikipedia
Wilhelm Eduard Weber — noun German physicist and brother of E. H. Weber; noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1804 1891) • Syn: ↑Weber • Instance Hypernyms: ↑physicist … Useful english dictionary
Wilhelm Weber — Nacimiento 1804 Reutlingen Fallecimiento 1891 … Wikipedia Español
Wilhelm Weber — Wilhelm Eduard Weber Pour les articles homonymes, voir Weber. Portrait de Wilhelm Weber Wilhelm Eduard Weber (24 octobre … Wikipédia en Français