Wagner-Jauregg , Julius
(1857–1940) Austrian psychiatrist
Wagner-Jauregg was born at Wels in Austria and educated at the University of Vienna, where he gained his MD in 1880. Finding it difficult to obtain an academic post in orthodox medicine, he turned to psychiatry in 1883 and in 1889 succeeded Krafft-Ebbing as professor of psychiatry at the University of Graz. In 1893 he returned to Vienna as director of the Psychiatric and Neurological Clinic, where he remained until his retirement in 1928.
In 1917 he proposed a new treatment for general paralysis of the insane (GPI), then a relatively common complication of late syphilis. As early as 1887 he had noticed that rare cases of remission were often preceded by a feverish infection, suggesting that the deliberate production of a fever could have a similar effect. Consequently, in 1917 he inoculated nine GPI patients with tertian malaria – a form of malaria that gives a two-day interval between fever attacks. He later reported that in six of these patients extensive remissions had taken place. It was for this work that Wagner-Jauregg received the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine in 1927. Although therapeutic malaria inoculations were used in the treatment of GPI for some time, demand for them ceased with the discovery of penicillin.
Wagner-Jauregg also proposed in 1894 that cretinism, a thyroid deficiency disease, could be successfully controlled by iodide tablets.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wagner-Jauregg, Julius — orig. Julius Wagner, knight von Jauregg born March 7, 1857, Wels, Austria died Sept. 27, 1940, Vienna Austrian psychiatrist and neurologist. Knowing that malaria could be controlled with quinine and having observed that patients with some nervous …   Universalium

  • Wagner-Jauregg, Julius — orig. Julius Wagner, caballero de Jauregg (7 mar. 1857, Wels, Austria–27 sep. 1940, Viena). Psiquiatra y neurólogo austríaco. Enterado de que el paludismo se podía controlar con quinina y habiendo observado que los pacientes con algunos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wagner-Jauregg Julius — Вагнер Яурегг Юлиус (1857 1940) психиатр, один из наиболее значительных представителей Венской медицинской школы. Обосновал и внедрил пиротерапию (искусственное повышение температуры тела) в лечение прогрессивного паралича. Внёс вклад в учение о… …   Австрия. Лингвострановедческий словарь

  • Wagner Jauregg, Julius von — ► (1857 1940) Médico y psiquiatra austríaco. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1927 por descubrir el tratamiento de la parálisis general progresiva por la inoculación del paludismo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Julius Wagner-Jauregg — (bis 1919 Julius Wagner Ritter von Jauregg,[1] * 7. März 1857 in Wels; † 27. September 1940 in Wien) war ein österreichischer Psychiater. Für die E …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Julius Wagner-Jauregg — est un médecin neurologue et psychiatre autrichien, né le 7 mars 1857 à Wels (Haute Autriche) et mort le 27 septembre 1940 à Vienne (Autriche)), lauréat en 1927 du prix Nobel de phy …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Julius wagner-jauregg — Julius Wagner Jauregg, médecin neurologue et psychiatre autrichien (1857 1940), prix Nobel de physiologie ou médecine 1927. Wagner Jauregg, qui était un ami de Sigmund Freud mais réservé vis à vis de la psychanalyse, est connu pour le traitement… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Julius Wagner-Jauregg — Nombre Ju …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wagner Jauregg — Wagner Jauregg, Julius von …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Julius Wagner-Jauregg — Julius Wagner Jauregg, (March 7, 1857 Wels, Upper Austria – September 27, 1940 Vienna) was an Austrian physician. [cite journal |author=Allerberger F |title=Julius Wagner Jauregg (1857 1940) |journal=J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. |volume=62… …   Wikipedia

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