- von Laue , Max Theodor Felix
- (1879–1960) German physicistThe son of a civil servant, von Laue was born in Pfaffendorf, Koblenz, and educated at the universities of Strasbourg, Göttingen, Munich, and Berlin, where he obtained his doctorate in 1903. He worked in various universities before his appointment as professor of theoretical physics at Berlin University in 1919. He remained there until 1943 when he moved to Göttingen as director of the Max Planck Institute.Although von Laue began his research career working on relativity theory, his most important work was the discovery of x-ray diffraction in 1912 for which he was awarded the 1914 Nobel Prize for physics. From this discovery much of modern physics was to develop and, some forty years later, the new discipline of molecular biology was to emerge.Von Laue put together two simple and well known ideas. He knew that x-rays had wavelengths shorter than visible light; he also knew that crystals were regular structures with their atoms probably lined up neatly in rows. Thus, he concluded, if the wavelength of x-rays was similar to the interatomic distance of the atoms in the crystal, then x-rays directed onto a crystal could be diffracted and form a characteristic and decipherable pattern on a photographic plate.He passed the actual experimental work to two of his students, Walter Friedrich and Paul Kipping, who first tried copper sulfate (1912), which yielded a somewhat unclear pattern. When they changed to zinc sulfide they almost immediately obtained a clear photograph marking out the regular and symmetric arrangement of the atoms in the crystal.
Scientists. Academic. 2011.
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von Laue, Max Theodor Felix — von Laue , Max Theodor Felix … Scientists
Laue, Max (Theodor Felix) von — born Oct. 9, 1879, Pfaffendorf, near Koblenz, Ger. died April 23, 1960, Berlin, W.Ger. German physicist. He taught at the University of Berlin (1919–43). He was the first to use a crystal to diffract X rays, demonstrating that X rays are… … Universalium
Laue, Max (Theodor Felix) von — (9 oct. 1879, Pfaffendorf, cerca de Coblenza, Alemania–23 abr. 1960, Berlín, Alemania Occidental). Físico alemán. Enseñó en la Universidad de Berlín (1919–43). Fue el primero en usar un cristal para difractar los rayos X; demostró que son… … Enciclopedia Universal
von Laue — Max Theodor Felix … Scientists
Laue , Max von — See von Laue, Max Theodor Felix … Scientists
Max von Laue — Laue in 1929 Born Max Theo … Wikipedia
Laue, Max von — ▪ German physicist in full Max Theodor Felix von Laue born Oct. 9, 1879, Pfaffendorf, near Koblenz, Ger. died April 23, 1960, Berlin, W.Ger. German recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1914 for his discovery of the diffraction… … Universalium
Max Felix Theodor von Laue — Max von Laue (1929) Max von Laue (* 9. Oktober 1879 in Koblenz; † 24. April 1960 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Physiker und Nobelpreisträger … Deutsch Wikipedia
von — /von/; Ger. /fawn/, unstressed /feuhn/, prep. from; of (used in German and Austrian personal names, originally to indicate place of origin and later to indicate nobility): Paul von Hindenburg. * * * (as used in expressions) Friedrich Leopold… … Universalium
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