von Euler , Ulf Svante
(1905–1983) Swedish physiologist
Von Euler was the son of Karl von Euler-Chelpin, Nobel Prize winner in 1929. He was born in the Swedish capital of Stockholm and educated at the Karolinska Institute, where he obtained his MD in 1930. He taught there from 1930 onward becoming, in 1939, professor of physiology. In 1966 von Euler was elected to the powerful position of president of the Nobel Foundation, which he held until 1975.
In 1906 the idea that nerve cells communicate with each other and the muscles they control by the release of chemicals was first proposed by Thomas Elliott. Since then there had been much searching for the elusive neurotransmitters and it was not until 1946 that von Euler succeeded in isolating that of the sympathetic system and showed it to be noradrenaline (norepinephrine). For this work von Euler shared the 1970 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine with Julius Axelrod and Bernard Katz.
Von Euler had earlier, in 1935, discovered a substance in human semen showing great physiological potency. As he assumed it came from the prostate gland he named it ‘prostaglandin’. It later turned out that prostaglandins could be found in many other human tissues; however, his deduction that they were fatty acids has since been confirmed.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Ulf Svante Hansson von Euler-Chelpin — Ulf von Euler Ulf Svante von Euler Chelpin (* 7. Februar 1905 in Stockholm, Schweden; † 9. März 1983 ebenda) war ein schwedischer Physiologe und Neurochemiker. Euler Chelpin fand um 1930 im menschlichen Sperma das Prostaglandin. Er entdeck …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Ulf von Euler — Ulf Svante von Euler Chelpin (* 7. Februar 1905 in Stockholm, Schweden; † 9. März 1983 ebenda) war ein schwedischer Physiologe und Neurochemiker. Er isolierte und beschrieb 1935 unabhängig von M.W. Goldblatt,[1] die Prostaglandine zum ersten Mal… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ulf von Euler — Ulf Svante von Euler (Estocolmo, Suecia, 7 de febrero de 1905 íd. 8 de marzo de 1983) fue un médico, farmacólogo y profesor universitario sueco galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Fisiología o Medicina del año 1970. Biografía Era hijo del… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ulf von Euler — Infobox Scientist name = Ulf von Euler box width = image width = 150px caption = Ulf von Euler, a Nobel laureat puic| birth date = February 7, 1905 birth place = Stockholm, Sweden death date = March 9, 1983 (age 78) death place = residence =… …   Wikipedia

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