Vauquelin , Louis Nicolas
(1763–1829) French chemist
The son of a farm laborer from Saint-André d'Hebertot in France, Vauquelin began work as an apprentice to a Rouen apothecary. He became a laboratory assistant to Antoine-François Fourcroy (1783–91), with whom he later collaborated. Vauquelin became a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1791 and professor of chemistry in the School of Mines in 1795. In 1799 he wrote Manuel de l'essayeur (An Assayer's Manual), which led to his being appointed assayer to the mint in 1802 and professor of chemistry at the University of Paris in 1809.
Vauquelin is best known for his discovery of the elements chromium and beryllium. In 1798, while working with a red lead mineral from Siberia known as crocolite, he isolated the new element chromium – so called because its compounds are very highly colored. Martin Klaproth made a similar discovery shortly afterward. In the same year Vauquelin also isolated a new element in the mineral beryl. It was initially called glucinum because of the sweetness of its compounds, but later given its modern name of beryllium. He was the first to isolate an amino acid: asparagine from asparagus.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vauquelin, Louis-Nicolas — • French chemist (1763 1829) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Louis Nicolas Vauquelin — naturalista, farmacéutico , químico francés Nacimiento 16 de mayo de 1763 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Louis Nicolas Vauquelin — Nicolas Louis Vauquelin Born 16 May 1763(1763 05 16) Saint André d Hébertot …   Wikipedia

  • Louis-nicolas vauquelin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Vauquelin. Louis Nicolas Vauquelin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin — Louis Nicolas Vauquelin. Louis Nicolas Vauquelin (* 16. Mai 1763 in Saint André d Hébertot (Normandie); † 14. November 1829 ebenda), war ein französischer Apotheker und Chemiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin —     Louis Nicolas Vauquelin     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Louis Nicolas Vauquelin     Born at Saint André d Hebertot, Normandy, 16 May, 1763; died 14 Nov., 1829. In youth as apprentice to an apothecary of Rouen he developed a liking for chemistry …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Vauquelin. Louis Nicolas Vauquelin Gravure de François Jacques Dequevauviller Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicolas Louis Vauquelin — Louis Nicolas Vauquelin Pour les articles homonymes, voir Vauquelin. Louis Nicolas Vauquelin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis Jacques Thenard — Louis Jacques Thénard Louis Jacques Thénard (* 4. Mai 1777 in La Louptière, nahe Nogent sur Seine (Aube), † 21. Juni 1857 in Paris) war ein französischer Chemiker. Leben Er entdeckte das Wasserstoff …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Louis Jacques Thénard — Le baron Louis Jacques Thénard, né à La Louptière le 4 mai 1777 et mort à Paris le 21 juin 1857, est un chimiste français …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”