Sylvester , James Joseph
(1814–1897) British mathematician
Born in London, Sylvester studied mathematics at Cambridge but was not granted his BA degree since he was a practicing Jew. The relevant statute was later revoked and Sylvester was granted both his BA and MA in 1871. He was widely read in a number of languages and was a keen amateur musician and a prolific poet. Feeling unable to keep an academic post as a mathematician Sylvester worked first in an insurance company and later as a lawyer. In 1876 he went to America to become the first professor of mathematics at Johns Hopkins University. He became the first editor of the American Journal of Mathematics and did much to develop mathematics in America. He returned to England in 1883 to become Savilian Professor of Geometry at Oxford University.
Sylvester's best mathematical work was in the theory of invariants and number theory. With his lifelong friend the British mathematician Arthur Cayley, he was one of the creators of the theory of algebraic invariants, which proved to be of great importance for mathematical physics.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • SYLVESTER, JAMES JOSEPH — (1814–1897), British mathematician. Sylvester was second wrangler at Cambridge in 1837, but as a Jew, he was unwilling to subscribe to the Thirty nine Articles and thus could not obtain a degree or fellowship. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Sylvester, James Joseph — Sylvester, James Joseph, Mathematiker, geb. 3. Sept. 1814 in London, gest. 15. März 1897 in Mayfair, studierte in Cambridge, wurde 1837 Professor der Physik am University College in London, 1840 Professor der Mathematik an der Universität von… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sylvester, James Joseph — ▪ English mathematician born , September 3, 1814, London, England died March 15, 1897, London       British mathematician who, with Arthur Cayley (Cayley, Arthur), was a cofounder of invariant theory, the study of properties that are unchanged… …   Universalium

  • Sylvester, James Joseph — (1814–97)    British mathematician. Sylvester was a brilliant mathematics student at Cambridge but as a Jew was unable to obtain a degree. He accepted a professorship at the University of Virginia in 1841, but had to give it up because of his… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Sylvester, James Joseph — ► (1814 97) Matemático británico. Fue uno de los fundadores de la teoría de los invariantes algebraicos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • James Joseph Sylvester — (* 3. September 1814 in London; † 15. März 1897 ebenda) war ein englischer Mathematiker. Sylvester studierte ab 1833 in Cambridge, wurde 1837 Professor der Physik am University College London und 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Joseph Sylvester — James Joseph Sylvester, mathématicien et géomètre anglais, est né à Londres le 3 septembre 1814 et est décédé à Mayfair le 13 mars 1897. Il a commencé à enseigner les …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James Joseph Sylvester — (1814 1897) Nacimiento 03 de septiembre de 1814 Londres, Reino Unido Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • James Joseph Sylvester — Infobox Scientist box width = 300px name = James Joseph Sylvester image width = 300px caption = James Joseph Sylvester (1814 1897) birth date = birth date|1814|09|03 birth place = London, England death date = death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • Sylvester — Sylvester, James Joseph …   Enciclopedia Universal

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