Suess , Eduard

Suess , Eduard
(1831–1914) Austrian geologist
Suess, born the son of a businessman in London, was educated at the University of Prague. He began work, in 1852, in the Hofmuseum, Vienna, before moving to the University of Vienna in 1856 where he became professor of geology in 1861. Besides being an academic Suess served as a member of the Reichsrat (parliament) from 1872 to 1896. He was responsible for the provision of pure water to Vienna by the construction of an aqueduct in 1873 and the prevention of frequent flooding by the opening of the Danube canal in 1875.
His major work as a geologist was his publication of Das Antlitz der Erde (1883–88), translated into English as The Face of the Earth (5 vols., 1904–24). This was not a particularly original work but acquired significance as being the great synthesis of the achievements of the later 19th-century geologists, geographers, paleontologists, and so on. He also published, in 1857, a classic work on the origin of the Alps.
Suess was the first to propose the existence of the great early southern continent, Gondwanaland. He was impressed by the distribution of a fern, Glossopteris, present during the Carboniferous period. It was found in such widely scattered lands as Australia, India, South Africa, and South America. Suess therefore proposed that these lands had once formed part of one great continent, which he named for the Gonds, the supposed aboriginal Indians.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SUESS, EDUARD — (1831–1914), Austrian geologist and politician. Suess was born in London, the son of a Christian father and a Jewish mother, but spent most of his life in Austria. He became an assistant at the Hofmuseum in Vienna in 1852, and five years later… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Suess, Eduard — ▪ Austrian geologist born Aug. 20, 1831, London, Eng. died April 26, 1914, Vienna, Austria       Austrian geologist who helped lay the basis for paleogeography and tectonics i.e., the study of the architecture and evolution of the Earth s outer… …   Universalium

  • Suess, Eduard — ► (1831 1914) Geólogo y paleontólogo austríaco. Autor de La faz de la tierra …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Suess Eduard — Зуэсс Эдуард (1831 1914) геолог, палеонтолог. В главном труде Лик Земли дал сводку многих региональных исследований, обобщил представления о строении и развитии земной коры, основоположник теории возникновения горных цепей. Геологические… …   Австрия. Лингвострановедческий словарь

  • Suess — Suess, Eduard …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eduard Suess — Eduard Suess. Eduard Suess, né à Londres le 20 août 1831 et mort à Vienne le 26 avril 1914, est un géologue autrichien spécialiste des Alpes. Il découvre deux des traits géographiques …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SUESS (E.) — SUESS EDUARD (1831 1914) Géologue autrichien. Professeur de géologie à l’université de Vienne jusqu’en 1901, Eduard Suess a laissé de nombreuses notes sur l’anatomie et la classification des brachiopodes et des ammonites, entre autres travaux… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Eduard Sueß — Portrait von Eduard Suess Eduard Suess (* 20. August 1831 in London; † 26. April 1914 in Wien) war ein österreichischer Geologe und Politiker des 19. Jahrhunderts und wurde bekannt als Experte für den tektonischen Bau der Alpen. Auf ihn sind zwei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Suess — Süß bezeichnet eine Grundqualität des Geschmacks, typisch z. B. für Zucker und Honig, siehe Gustatorische Wahrnehmung und für eine Einstufung von Süße Süßkraft eine Geschmacksangabe bei Wein, siehe Geschmacksangabe (Wein) im Drucker Handwerk die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eduard Suess — Eduard Sueß, Lithographie von Josef Kriehuber, 1869 Porträt von Ed …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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