Skou , Jens Christian
(1918–) Danish biologist
Skou was educated at the University of Copenhagen. In 1946 he joined the staff of the Institute of Physiology, Aarhus University, where he served as professor of biophysics from 1978 until his retirement in 1988.
Skou has sought to understand how the energy-rich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecule fuels cellular activities. It had been established by Peter Mitchell that a greater concentration of ions was normally found on one side of the cell's membrane. How the ions were transported across the membrane, however, remained a mystery. Skou suspected that the process was mediated by an enzyme. In 1957, working with crab nerve cells, Skou found an enzyme in the cell's membranes that appeared to pump sodium out of cells while transporting potassium within, a process since referred to as the Na+/K+ pump. The enzyme, known as sodium-potassium-ATPase, proved to be the first of many ATP-based enzymes responsible for transporting molecules through cellular membranes.
For his discovery of the Na+/K+ pump Skou shared the 1997 Nobel Prize for chemistry with Paul Boyer and John Walker.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Jens Christian Skou — Infobox Scientist name = Jens Christian Skou box width = image width =150px caption = Jens Christian Skou birth date = October 8, 1918 birth place = Lemvig death date = death place = residence = citizenship = nationality = Danish ethnicity =… …   Wikipedia

  • Jens Christian Skou — Jens Christian Skou, 2008 Jens Christian Skou (* 8. Oktober 1918 in Lemvig) ist ein dänischer Mediziner und Biophysiker. Er erhielt 1997 gemeinsam mit John Ernest Walker und Paul Delos Boyer für seine Arbeiten am Adenosintriphosphat (ATP) den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jens Christian Skou — [⁽ˈ⁾jɛns kʰʁæsd̥jæn ˈsg̊ʌʊ̯ˀ] (8 de octubre de 1918, Lemvig, Dinamarca) es un químico y profesor universitario danés ganador del Premio Nobel de Química de 1997. Contenido 1 Biografía 2 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jens Christian Skou — (8 octobre 1918 à Lemvig, Danemark) est un médecin et biophysicien danois. Il est lauréat de la moitié du prix Nobel de chimie de 1997[1]. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Skou, Jens C. — ▪ Danish biophysicist in full  Jens Christian Skou  born Oct. 8, 1918, Lemvig, Denmark       Danish biophysicist who (with Paul D. Boyer and John E. Walker) was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1997 for his discovery of the enzyme called… …   Universalium

  • Chemienobelpreis 1997: Paul D. Boyer — John Ernest Walker — Jens Christian Skou —   Der Preis ging zum einen Teil an den Amerikaner Boyer und den Briten Walker für die Klärung der Synthese von Adenosintriphosphat (ATP), zum anderen für die Entdeckung des ionentransportierenden Enzyms Natrium Kalium ATPase an den Dänen Skou.  … …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Skou — Jens Christian …   Scientists

  • Jens C. Skou — Jens Christian Skou Jens Christian Skou (né le 8 octobre 1918 à Lemvig) est un médecin et biophysicien danois. En 1997, il obtint conjointement avec John Ernest Walker et Paul Delos Boyer, le prix Nobel de chimie pour son travail sur l adénosine… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jens Skou — Jens Christian Skou Jens Christian Skou (né le 8 octobre 1918 à Lemvig) est un médecin et biophysicien danois. En 1997, il obtint conjointement avec John Ernest Walker et Paul Delos Boyer, le prix Nobel de chimie pour son travail sur l adénosine… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jens C. Skou — Jens Christian Skou (* 8. Oktober 1918 in Lemvig) ist ein dänischer Mediziner und Biophysiker. Er erhielt 1997 gemeinsam mit John Ernest Walker und Paul Delos Boyer für seine Arbeiten am Adenosintriphosphat (ATP) den Nobelpreis für Chemie.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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