Sherrington , Sir Charles Scott

Sherrington , Sir Charles Scott
(1857–1952) British physiologist
Sherrington, a Londoner by birth, was educated at Cambridge University and St. Thomas's Hospital, London, gaining his BA in natural science in 1883 and his MB in 1885. He then traveled to Europe to study under Rudolf Virchow and Robert Koch in Berlin. After lecturing in physiology at St. Thomas's Hospital, Sherrington was superintendent of the Brown Institute (1891–95), a veterinary hospital of the University of London. He then became professor of physiology, firstly at the University of Liverpool (1895–1913) and then at Oxford University, holding the latter post until his retirement in 1935.
Sherrington's early medical work was in bacteriology. He investigated cholera outbreaks in Spain and Italy and was the first to use diphtheria antitoxin successfully in England, his nephew being the patient. During World War I he tested antitetanus serum on the wounded and also worked (incognito) as a laborer in a munitions factory. He then turned his attention to studies of the reflex actions in man, demonstrating their effect in enabling the nervous system to function as a unit and anticipating Ivan Pavlov in his discovery of the ‘conditioned reflex’. Sherrington also did much work on decerebrate rigidity and the renewal of nerve tissue. For their work on the function of the neuron, Sherrington and Edgar Adrian were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine in 1932. Sherrington was knighted in 1922.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sherrington, Sir Charles Scott — born Nov. 27, 1857, London, Eng. died March 4, 1952, Eastbourne, Sussex English physiologist. By studying animals whose cerebral cortexes had been removed, he showed that reflexes are integrated activities of the total organism, not based on… …   Universalium

  • Sherrington, sir Charles Scott — ► (1857 1952) Médico británico. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1932, compartido con E. D. Adrian, por sus trabajos sobre el funcionalismo neuronal. * * * (27 nov. 1857, Londres, Inglaterra–4 mar. 1952, Eastbourne, Sussex). Fisiólogo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Sir Charles Scott Sherrington — noun English physiologist who conducted research on reflex action (1857 1952) • Syn: ↑Sherrington • Instance Hypernyms: ↑physiologist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Charles Scott Sherrington — Sir Charles Scott Sherrington Born 27 November 1857(1857 11 27) Islington …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Scott Sherrington — Charles Smart Roy und Charles Scott Sherrington (rechts), am Eingang zum alten pathologischen Institut in Cambridge 1893. Sir Charles Scott Sherrington (* 27. November 1857 in London; † 4. März 1952 in Eastbourne, Sussex) war ein britischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Scott Sherrington — Sir Charles Scott Sherrington, GBE (n. Londres, 27 de noviembre de 1857 † Eastbourne, 4 de marzo de 1952) fue un médico neurofisiólogo británico, premio Nobel de Medicina, que estudió las funciones de la corteza cerebral. Estudió medicina en la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Charles Scott Sherrington — Sir Charles Scott Sherrington (n. Londres, 27 de noviembre de 1857 † Eastbourne, 4 de marzo de 1952). Médico británico Estudió medicina en la Universidad de Cambridge, licenciándose en 1885. Posteriormente amplió sus estudios en Berlín con Robert …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles Scott Sherrington — Portrait de Charles Scott Sherrington. Photo prise en année inconnue, elle provient de la United States National Library of Medicine. Sir Charles Scott Sherrington OM, GBE, né le 27 novembre 1857 dans le district d Islington de Londres… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1932: Edgar Douglas Adrian — Charles Scott Sherrington —   Die beiden britischen Physiologen erhielten den Nobelpreis für »ihre Entdeckungen auf dem Gebiet der Funktionen der Neuronen«.    Biografien   Lord Edgar Douglas Adrian, * London 30. 11. 1889, ✝ Cambridge 4. 8. 1977; 1911 14 physiologische… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sherrington — Sir Charles Scott …   Scientists

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