Seebeck , Thomas Johann
(1770–1831) Estonian–German physicist
Seebeck was born into a wealthy family in Tallinn, the Estonian capital, and moved to Germany at the age of 17. He studied medicine in Berlin and in 1802 received an MD from the University of Göttingen. More interested in science than medical practice, he was wealthy enough to be able to devote his time to scientific research. In the early years of the 19th century he moved to Jena, where he became acquainted with an important intellectual circle of scientists and philosophers. His subsequent researches made him one of the most distinguished experimental physicists of his day.
Seebeck made investigations into photoluminescence (the luminescent emission from certain materials excited by light), the heating and chemical effects of different parts of the solar spectrum, polarization, and the magnetic character of electric currents. His most important work however came in 1822, after he had moved to Berlin. His discovery of thermoelectricity (theSeebeck effect) showed that electric currents could be produced by temperature differences. Seebeck joined two wires of different metals to form a closed circuit and applied heat to one of the junctions; a nearby magnetic needle behaved as if an electric current flowed around the circuit. He called this effect ‘thermomagnetism’ (and later objected to the term thermoelectricity).

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Seebeck, Thomas Johann — ▪ German physicist born Apr. 9, 1770, Tallinn, Estonia, Russian Empire died Dec. 10, 1831, Berlin, Prussia [Germany]       German physicist who discovered (1821) that an electric current flows between different conductive materials that are kept… …   Universalium

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  • Thomas Johann Seebeck — Thomas Seebeck Thomas Johann Seebeck (* 29. Märzjul./ 9. April 1770greg. in Reval (heute Tallinn); † 10. Dezember 1831 in Berlin) war ein deutsch baltischer Physiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Johann Seebeck — (9 avril 1770 à Tallinn (Empire Russe) 10 décembre 1831 à Berlin (Prusse)), est un physicien allemand qui découvrit l effet Seebeck en 1821 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomas Johann Seebeck — Artículo principal: Efecto Peltier Seebeck Thomas Johann Seebeck. Thomas Johann Seebeck (Reval, 9 de abril de 1770 – Berlín, 10 de diciembre de 1831). Médico e investigador físico natural de Estonia, de origen …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Thomas J. Seebeck — Thomas Seebeck Thomas Seebeck (* 9. April 1770 in Reval (heute Tallinn); † 10. Dezember 1831 in Berlin) war ein deutsch baltischer Physiker. Biographie Thomas Seebeck wurde am 9. April 1770 in Tallinn in einer vermögenden Kaufmannsfamilie geboren …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Seebeck — (* 9. April 1770 in Reval (heute Tallinn); † 10. Dezember 1831 in Berlin) war ein deutsch baltischer Physiker. Biographie Thomas Seebeck wurde am 9. April 1770 in Tallinn in einer vermögenden Kaufmannsfamilie geboren. Sein Vater war de …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Seebeck — Seebeck,   Thomas Johann, Physiker, * Reval 9. 4. 1770, ✝ Berlin 10. 12. 1831; befreundet mit G. W. F. Hegel und Goethe, den er bei seinen optischen Studien beriet; ab 1818 Mitglied der Berliner Akademie der Wissenschaften Seebeck entdeckte 1818… …   Universal-Lexikon

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