Schimper , Andreas Franz Wilhelm

Schimper , Andreas Franz Wilhelm
(1856–1901) German plant ecologist
Schimper was born at Strasbourg, which is now in France. He first became interested in natural history while on excursions with his father, Wilhelm Philipp, who was professor of natural history and geology at the University of Strasbourg. Andreas entered the university in 1874, obtained his doctorate in natural philosophy in 1878, and in 1880 earned a fellowship to Johns Hopkins University. He returned to Germany in 1882 and became lecturer and eventually professor at the University of Bonn (1886), where he remained until in 1898 he was appointed professor of botany at the University of Basel.
While at Strasbourg Schimper made an important study of the nature and growth of starch grains showing that they arise in specific organelles, which he named chloroplasts. However, it is to the study of plant geography and ecology that he made his most significant contributions. During travels to the West Indies in 1881 and 1882–83, Brazil (1886), Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and Java (1889–90), and the Canary Islands, Cameroons, East Africa, Seychelles, and Sumatra (1898–99) with the Valdivia deep-sea expedition, he made ecological studies of tropical vegetation. His results led to publication of important papers on the morphology and biology of epiphytes and littoral vegetation, culminating with his masterpiece, Pflanzengeographie auf physiologischer Grundlage (1898; Plant Geography Upon a Physiological Basis), which relates the physiological structure of plants to their type of environment.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Schimper, Andreas Franz Wilhelm — ▪ German botanist born May 12, 1856, Strasbourg, Fr. died Sept 9, 1901, Basel, Switz.  German botanist, one of the first to successfully divide the continents into floral regions.       Schimper received the Ph.D. from the University of… …   Universalium

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  • Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Schimper. Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper est un botaniste français, né le 12 mai …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper — Infobox Scientist name = Andreas Schimper box width = image width =150px caption = Andreas Schimper birth date = May 12, 1856 birth place = Strasbourg, France death date = September 9, 1901 death place = residence = citizenship = nationality =… …   Wikipedia

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  • Wilhelm Philipp Schimper — (January 12, 1808 March 20, 1880) was a German French botanist who was born in Dossenheim sur Zinsel, a town near the River Rhine. He was father of botanist Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper (1856 1901) and cousin to naturalist Karl Friedrich… …   Wikipedia

  • Schimper — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper (1856–1901), französischer Botaniker und Pflanzenökologe Karl Friedrich Schimper (1803–1867), deutscher Botaniker und Geologe Wilhelm Schimper (1804–1878), deutscher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wilhelm Philipp Schimper — Guillaume Philippe Schimper Pour les articles homonymes, voir Schimper. Buste de Schimper au musée d histoire naturelle de Strasbourg. Guillaume Phil …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Schimper — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le nom de Schimper est porté par plusieurs personnalités (par ordre alphabétique) : Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper (1856 1901), botaniste français.… …   Wikipédia en Français

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