- Schiaparelli , Giovanni Virginio
- (1835–1910) Italian astronomerSchiaparelli was born at Savigliano in Italy. After graduating from Turin in 1854, he studied under Johann Encke in Berlin and Friedrich Struve in St. Petersburg. In 1860 he became director of the Brera Observatory, Milan, where he remained until he retired in 1900.Schiaparelli worked mainly on the solar system, discovering the planetoid Hesperia in 1861. He contributed to the theory of meteors when he showed in 1866 that they follow cometary orbits. He also made careful studies of Mars, Venus, and Mercury. In 1877 Mars approached Earth at its nearest point, a mere 35 million miles. He observed what he called ‘canali’. In Italian this means not ‘canals’ but ‘channels,’ but the word was mistranslated into English as the former, which led to much controversy. Schiaparelli himself was neutral as to their origin. He would not rule out that they were constructed rather than natural but nor would he conclude from their geometrical precision that they were buildings, for he pointed out that other examples of regularity, such as Saturn's rings, had not been man-made. It was other astronomers, such as Percival Lowell and Camille Flammarion, who made extravagant claims about the ‘canals’, not Schiaparelli.After detailed observations of Venus and Mercury he announced that their period of axial rotation was the same as their sidereal period (the time taken to orbit the Sun, relative to the stars). Thus they would always keep the same face to the Sun. It was not until the early 1960s that this view was disproved, and then only by the use of sophisticated radar techniques.
Scientists. Academic. 2011.
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Schiaparelli,Giovanni Virginio — Schiaparelli, Giovanni Virginio. 1835 1910. Italian astronomer who first observed lines on the surface of Mars, which he described as canals. * * * … Universalium
Schiaparelli, Giovanni Virginio — ▪ Italian astronomer born March 14, 1835, Savigliano, Italy died July 4, 1910, Milan Italian astronomer and senator whose reports of groups of straight lines on Mars touched off much controversy on the possible existence of life on that… … Universalium
Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli — Giovanni Schiaparelli Astéroïde découvert : 1 (69) Hespérie 26 avril 1861 Pour les articles homonymes, voir Schiaparelli. Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli (14 mars 1835 4 … Wikipédia en Français
Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli — noun Italian astronomer who first noted lines (which he called canals) on the surface of Mars (1835 1910) • Syn: ↑Schiaparelli • Instance Hypernyms: ↑astronomer, ↑uranologist, ↑stargazer … Useful english dictionary
Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli — … Википедия
Schiaparelli's — Schiaparelli , Giovanni Virginio … Scientists
Giovanni Schiaparelli — Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli (* 14. März 1835 in Savigliano bei Cuneo; † 4. Juli 1910 in Mailand) war ein italienischer Astronom. Von 1864 bis 1900 war er Direktor der Brera Sternwarte von Mailand … Deutsch Wikipedia
Giovanni Schiaparelli — Infobox Scientist |name =Giovanni Schiaparelli box width = image width = caption =Giovanni Schiaparelli birth date =March 14,1835 birth place = death date =July 4,1910 death place = residence = citizenship =Italian nationality = ethnicity = field … Wikipedia
Giovanni Schiaparelli — Nacimiento 14 de marzo de 1835 Savigliano, Italia … Wikipedia Español
Schiaparelli — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Celestino Schiaparelli (1841–1919), italienischer Arabist, Bruder von Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli Elsa Schiaparelli (1890–1973), italienisch französische Modeschöpferin Ernesto Schiaparelli (1856–1928) … Deutsch Wikipedia