Schally , Andrew Victor
(1926–) Polish–American physiologist
Schally, who was born at Wilno in Poland, left his native country for Britain in 1939. After graduating from the University of London, he worked at the National Institute for Medical Research from 1949 until 1952 when he moved to Canada. There he worked at McGill University, Montreal, obtaining his PhD in biochemistry in 1957, before joining the staff of Baylor University Medical School, Houston. In 1962 he became head of the endocrine and polypeptide laboratories at the Veterans Administration Hospital, New Orleans.
Like his great rival Roger Guillemin, Schally spent much of his early career trying to confirm the hypothesis of Geoffrey Harris on the existence and role of hypothalamic hormones. It was not in fact until he had been donated a million pig's hypothalami by a meat packer that, independently of Guillemin, he isolated some 3 milligrams of the thyrotropin-releasing factor in 1966.
He followed this in 1971 by detecting the luteinizing releasing factor, showing it to be a decapeptide and working out its sequence of ten amino acids thus permitting its synthesis.
For his work on the hypothalamic hormones Schally shared the 1977 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine with Guillemin and Rosalyn Yalow.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • SCHALLY, ANDREW VICTOR — (1926– ), medical research worker and Nobel laureate. Schally was born in Wilno, Poland (now Vilnius, Lithuania), and became a U.S. citizen in 1962. At the outset of World War II, his father, a professional soldier, left his family to fight with… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Andrew Victor Schally — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Andrew Victor Schally Andrew Victor Schally nació en Wino, Polonia en 1926. Con la ocupación nazi emigra al Reino Unido. Estudió en las Universidades de Edimburgo y Londres …   Wikipedia Español

  • Andrew Victor Schally — (polnisch Andrzej Wiktor Schally; * 30. November 1926 in Vilnius (Wilna), damals Polen, heute Litauen) ist ein polnisch amerikanischer Physiologe. Schally, Sohn des polnischen Generals Kazimie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schally, Andrew V. — ▪ American endocrinologist in full  Andrew Victor Schally  born November 30, 1926, Wilno, Poland [now Vilnius, Lithuania]       Polish born American endocrinologist and corecipient, with Roger Guillemin (Guillemin, Roger Charles Louis) and… …   Universalium

  • Andrew Victor Schally — Andrzej Wiktor Schally Andrzej W. Schally Naissance 20 novembre 1926 Vilnius (Pologne) Nationalité américaine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1977: Roger Guillemin — Andrew Victor Schally — Rosalyn Sussman Yalow —   Die drei amerikanischen Wissenschaftler wurden für die Erforschung der Peptidhormonproduktion im Gehirn ausgezeichnet.    Biografien   Roger Guillemin, * Dijon (Frankreich) 11. 1. 1924; 1943 49 Medizinstudium in Lyon, ab 1957 Professor in… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Schally — Andrew Victor …   Scientists

  • Andrew Schally — Andrew Victor Schally (polnisch Andrzej Wiktor Schally; * 30. November 1926 in Vilnius (Wilna), damals Polen, heute Litauen) ist ein polnisch amerikanischer Physiologe. Schally, Sohn des polnischen Generals Kazimierz Schally (1895–1967), lieferte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrew V. Schally — Andrew Victor Schally (polnisch Andrzej Wiktor Schally; * 30. November 1926 in Vilnius (Wilna), damals Polen, heute Litauen) ist ein polnisch amerikanischer Physiologe. Schally, Sohn des polnischen Generals Kazimierz Schally (1895–1967), lieferte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schally — Andrew Victor Schally (polnisch Andrzej Wiktor Schally; * 30. November 1926 in Vilnius (Wilna), damals Polen, heute Litauen) ist ein polnisch amerikanischer Physiologe. Schally, Sohn des polnischen Generals Kazimierz Schally (1895–1967), lieferte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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