Runcorn , Stanley Keith


Runcorn , Stanley Keith
(1922–1995) British geophysicist
Runcorn was born at Southport in Lancashire, and was educated at Cambridge University. After working on radar during World War II he held teaching appointments at the University of Manchester (1946–50) and at Cambridge (1950–55), before being appointed in 1956 to the chair of physics at King's College, Newcastle, which became the University of Newcastle upon Tyne in 1963. He became Senior Research Fellow at Imperial College, London, in 1989.
Under the early influence of Patrick Blackett, Runcorn began research on geomagnetism. From detailed field surveys in both Europe and America they were eventually able to reconstruct the movements of the North Magnetic Pole over the past 600 million years. Runcorn found that he obtained different routes for the migration depending on whether he used European or American rocks. Also, the European rocks always pointed to a position to the east of that indicated by the American rocks for the magnetic pole. From this evidence Runcorn argued, in his paperPaleomagnetic Evidence for Continental Drift (1962), that if the two continents were brought close to each other they could be so aligned that the magnetic evidence of their rocks pointed to a single path taken by the magnetic pole. This led Runcorn to become an early supporter of the newly emerging theory of continental drift.
Runcorn died in somewhat mysterious circumstances: he was found battered to death in a motel room in Los Angeles, where he had been attending a conference.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Runcorn, Stanley Keith — ▪ 1996       British geophysicist (b. Nov. 19, 1922, Southport, Lancashire, England d. Dec. 5, 1995, San Diego, Calif.), was the first to discover evidence of the periodic polar reversals of the Earth s magnetic field. In the 1950s he was a… …   Universalium

  • Keith Runcorn — Stanley Keith Runcorn (* 19. November 1922 in Southport (Lancashire); † 5. Dezember 1995 in San Diego) war ein britischer Geophysiker. Er befasste sich unter anderem mit Paläomagnetismus und fand frühe Beweise für die Plattentektonik.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Keith Runcorn — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width = image size =150px caption = PAGENAME birth date = November 19, 1922 birth place = Southport, Lancashire death date = December 5, 1995 death place = residence = |citizenship = nationality = United… …   Wikipedia

  • Earth Sciences — ▪ 2009 Introduction Geology and Geochemistry       The theme of the 33rd International Geological Congress, which was held in Norway in August 2008, was “Earth System Science: Foundation for Sustainable Development.” It was attended by nearly… …   Universalium

  • plate tectonics — plate tectonic, adj. Geol. a theory of global tectonics in which the lithosphere is divided into a number of crustal plates, each of which moves on the plastic asthenosphere more or less independently to collide with, slide under, or move past… …   Universalium

  • continental drift — Geol. the lateral movement of continents resulting from the motion of crustal plates. Cf. plate tectonics. [1925 30] * * * Large scale movements of continents over the course of geologic time. The first complete theory of continental drift was… …   Universalium

  • Meanings of minor planet names: 4501–5000 — As minor planet discoveries are confirmed, they are given a permanent number by the IAU s Minor Planet Center, and the discoverers can then submit names for them, following the IAU s naming conventions. The list below concerns those minor planets …   Wikipedia

  • Goldmedaille der Royal Astronomical Society — Goldmedaille von Asaph Hall, 1879 Die Goldmedaille der Royal Astronomical Society ist der höchste von der Royal Astronomical Society verliehene Wissenschaftspreis. Die Medaille wurde 1824 erstmals verliehen. Nach oft mehrfachen Vergaben in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Appleton Medal and Prize — The Appleton medal and prize is awarded for distinguished research in environmental, earth or atmospheric physics. It was originally called the Chree medal and prize after Dr. Charles Chree[1] but was renamed in 2008 by the Institute of… …   Wikipedia

  • List of geologists — A geologist is a contributor to the science of geology. Geologists are also known as earth scientists or geoscientists.The following is a list of famous or notable geologists. Many have received such awards as the Penrose Medal, the Wollaston… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.