Bergman , Torbern Olaf
(1735–1785) Swedish chemist
Bergman, who was born in Katrineberg, Sweden, studied at the University of Uppsala, at first reading law and theology before turning to science and mathematics. He was a prolific scientist, working in physics, mathematics, and physical geography as well as chemistry. After graduating with a master's degree in 1758, he became professor of mathematics at Uppsala in 1761 and later professor of chemistry and pharmacy in 1767.
Bergman carried out many quantitative analyses, especially of minerals, and he extended the chemical classification of minerals devised by Axel Cronstedt. He remained an adherent of the phlogiston theory and although he firmly supported the doctrine of constant composition his analyses were not as solidly based as those of his later compatriot Jöns Berzelius. His most influential work was probably Disquisitio de Attractionibus Electivis(1785; A Dissertation on Elective Attractions). He compiled extensive tables listing relative chemical affinities of acids and bases. Bergman gave early encouragement to Karl Scheele, some of whose work he published.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Torbern Olaf — Torbern Olaf, s. Bergman …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Torbern Olof Bergman — Torbern Olof Bergman. Torbern Olof Bergman (* 20. März 1735 in Katharinberg, Schweden; † 8. Juli 1784 in Medevi, Schweden) war ein bedeutender Chemiker und Mineraloge des 18. Jahrhunderts. Er war Nachfolger von Johan Gottschalk Wallerius an der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bergman — Bergman, Torbern Olaf, geb. 1735 zu Katharinaberg in Westgothland, wurde 1758 Professor der Physik u. 1767 der Chemie zu Upsala u. starb zu Medewi 1784. B s hauptsächlichstes Verdienst um die chemische Wissenschaft bestand in der von ihm… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Torbern Bergman — Infobox Scientist name = Torbern Bergman box width = 300px |300px image width = 300px caption = Torbern Olof Bergman (1735 1784) birth date = March 20, 1735 birth place = Katrineberg, Sweden death date = July 8, 1784 death place = Medevi, Sweden… …   Wikipedia

  • Μπέργκμαν, Τόρμπερν Όλαφ — (Olaf Bergman Torbern, Καταρίνεμπεργκ 1735 – Μεντέβι 1784). Σουηδός επιστήμονας. Σπούδασε στην Ουψάλα και ασχολήθηκε αρχικά με τη φυσική ιστορία, και ιδιαίτερα με τη ζωή των μελισσών και των άλλων εντόμων. Κατόπιν επιδόθηκε σε ενδιαφέρουσες… …   Dictionary of Greek

  • Liste der Biografien/Berg — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Бергман, Торберн Улаф — Торберн Улаф Бергман Torbern Olof Bergman …   Википедия

  • Liste der Krater des Erdmondes/B — Krater des Erdmondes   A B C D E F G H I J K L M …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bergmann [2] — Bergmann, 1) Friedr. Christian, geb. 1785 zu Hannover, wurde 1805 Privatdocent u. 1808 Professor der Rechtswissenschaften zu Göttingen u. st. 1845. Er schr.: Theorie des Civilprocesses, Gött. 1827; Beiträge zur Einleitung in die Praxis der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • HAÜY (R. J.) — Ce fut sans conteste un fondateur, mais dans un domaine moins accessible au grand public que celui où son frère cadet Valentin s’illustra au service des aveugles. L’abbé René Just Haüy a créé la cristallographie rationnelle dans le même temps où… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”