Rous , Francis Peyton
(1879–1970) American pathologist
Rous was born in Baltimore, Maryland, and educated at Johns Hopkins University there, obtaining his MD in 1905. After working as a pathologist at the University of Michigan, he moved in 1908 to the Rockefeller Institute of Medical Research in New York, remaining there until his official retirement in 1945. Unofficially, Rous continued to work in his laboratory until his death at the age of 90.
In 1909 Rous began to investigate a particular malignant tumor of connective tissues in chickens – later to be known as Rous chicken-sarcoma. He ground up the tumor and passed it through a fine filter, extracting what would normally be accepted as a cell-free filtrate. On injection of this filtrate into other chickens, identical tumors developed. In 1911 Rous published his results in a paper with the significant title Transmission of a Malignant New Growth by means of a Cell-free Filtrate, significant because nowhere in the title (or even in the paper) does the expected term ‘virus’ occur.
It was well known by 1911 that only a virus could be present in such a filtrate, but Rous was unwilling to use the term for fear of offending his more senior colleagues. Scientists were reluctant to accept that cancer could be caused by viruses since the epidemiology of the disease was obviously different from that of such viral infections as influenza. Rous persisted with his work, however, and by the late 1930s it was widely accepted that a number of animal cancers were caused by viruses. In 1966 Rous was awarded the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine for the discovery he had announced some 55 years earlier.
Rous also worked on the development of a number of culture techniques for both viruses and cells, techniques that have since become standard laboratory practice.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Francis Peyton Rous — Francis Rous Francis Peyton Rous, né en 5 octobre 1879 à Baltimore dans le Maryland et décédé en 16 février 1970 à New York, était un virologue américain. Il reçut le Prix Nobel de physiologie ou médecine en 1966 avec Charles… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Francis Peyton Rous — (* 5. Oktober 1879 in Baltimore; † 16. Februar 1970 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Pathologe und Nobelpreisträger. Leben Rous stammte väterlicherseits von englischen Einwandereren ab; seine Mutter kam aus einer Familie mit hugenottischem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Francis Peyton Rous — Infobox Scientist name = (Francis) Peyton Rous image size = 150px caption = Francis Peyton Rous birth date = October 5, 1879 birth place = Baltimore, Maryland death date = February 16, 1970 death place = New York City residence = citizenship =… …   Wikipedia

  • Francis Peyton Rous — noun United States pathologist who discovered viruses that cause tumors (1879 1970) • Syn: ↑Rous, ↑Peyton Rous • Instance Hypernyms: ↑diagnostician, ↑pathologist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Francis Peyton Rous — n. Peyton Rous (1879 1970), United States pathologist who won the Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1966 for discovering viruses that cause tumors …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1966: Charles Brenton Huggins — Francis Peyton Rous —   Rous erhielt den Nobelpreis für »seine Entdeckung zu Tumoren erzeugenden Viren« und Huggins für »Entdeckungen zur Hormonbehandlung von Prostatakrebs«.    Biografien   Charles Brenton Huggins, * Halifax (Kanada) 22. 9. 1901, ✝ Chicago 12. 1.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Rous — Francis Peyton …   Scientists

  • Peyton Rous — Francis Peyton Rous (* 5. Oktober 1879 in Baltimore; † 16. Februar 1970 in New York) war ein amerikanischer Pathologe und Nobelpreisträger. Leben Rous stammte väterlicherseits von englischen Einwandereren ab; seine Mutter kam aus einer Familie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peyton Rous — Francis Rous Francis Peyton Rous, né en 5 octobre 1879 à Baltimore dans le Maryland et décédé en 16 février 1970 à New York, était un virologue américain. Il reçut le Prix Nobel de physiologie ou médecine en 1966 avec Charles… …   Wikipédia en Français

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