Robertson , Sir Robert

Robertson , Sir Robert
(1869–1949) British chemist
Robertson, born the son of a dental surgeon in Cupar, Scotland, was educated at St. Andrews University. After graduating in 1890 he served briefly from 1890 to 1892 in the City Analyst's Office, Glasgow, before entering government service on the staff of the Royal Gunpowder Factory, Waltham Abbey. In 1900 he became chemist in charge, but moved to the Royal Arsenal, Woolwich, in 1907 to serve as superintendent chemist of the research department. In 1921 he became government chemist in charge of the Government Chemical Laboratory in the Strand, London. Robertson remained there until his retirement in 1936 but returned to public service during World War II, which he spent working on explosives at the University of Swansea.
Robertson made a number of advances in the chemistry and technology of explosives. He carried out early work on the decomposition of gun cotton and also improved the process of TNT manufacture. More important was his introduction in 1915 of amatol, a mixture of up to 80% ammonium nitrate to 20% TNT, an explosive more efficient and much cheaper than conventionally produced TNT. It was in fact said of amatol by the director of artillery that it “won the war.”
As a pure chemist Robertson was one of the first to see the value of infrared spectroscopy for determining molecular structure. He consequently used it to explore ammonia and arsine (AsH3).

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Robertson, Sir William Robert, 1st Baronet — ▪ British field marshal born Jan. 29, 1860, Welbourn, Lincolnshire, Eng. died Feb. 12, 1933, London       field marshal, chief of the British Imperial General Staff during most of World War I, who supported Sir Douglas Haig (Haig, Douglas Haig,… …   Universalium

  • Robert Lauder of Popill — Sir Robert Lauder of Popill, Knt., (died April 1575) was a Member of the old Scottish Parliament and an adherent of Mary, Queen of Scots.FamilyThe eldest son and heir of Robert Lauder, of The Bass by his spouse Margaret Sinclair, the earliest… …   Wikipedia

  • Sir John Gladstone, 1st Baronet — (11 December 1764 ndash; 7 December 1851), was a Scottish merchant, Member of Parliament, and the father of the British Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone. Early life Born in Leith, in Midlothian, Scotland, John Gladstones was the eldest son… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Askin — Sir Robert William Askin, GCMG (April 4 1907 September 9 1981) was Premier of New South Wales from 1965 to 1975. He was born Robin William Askin, but he always disliked his first name and he changed it by deed poll in 1971. Before being knighted… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Askin — Sir Robert William Askin (4 avril 1907 9 septembre 1981) a été le 32e premier ministre de Nouvelle Galles du Sud de 1965 à 1975. De son vrai nom, Robin William Askin, il a toujours détesté son prénom et il en a changé en 1971. Sommaire 1 Jeunesse …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sir David Dundas, 1st Baronet — General Sir David Dundas Born 1735 Edinburgh, Kingdom of Great Britain …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Matthew — Sir Robert Hogg Matthew (1906 1975) was a Scottish architect and a leading proponent of modernism. Early life studies Robert Matthew was the son of John Matthew (also an architect, and the partner of Sir Robert Lorimer). He was born and brought… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Garran — Infobox Person name = Robert Randolph Garran image size = 200px caption = Portrait of Garran in the 1930s. birth date = birth date|1867|2|10|df=y birth place = Sydney, New South Wales death date = death date and age|mf=yes|1957|1|11|1867|2|10… …   Wikipedia

  • Sir Louis Spears, 1st Baronet — Major General Sir Edward Louis Spears, 1st Baronet, KBE, CB, MC (7 August 1886 ndash; 27 January 1974) was a British Army officer and Member of Parliament noted for his role as a liaison officer between British and French forces in two world wars …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Watson-Watt — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Watson et Watt. Robert Watson Watt Naissance 13  …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.