Robbins , Frederick Chapman
(1916–) American virologist and pediatrician
Robbins was born in Auburn, Alabama, the son of plant physiologist William Robbins. He obtained his MD from Harvard Medical School in 1940 and from 1942 to 1946 headed the virus and rickettsial section of the US army's 15th medical general laboratory. Here he worked on the isolation of the parasitic microorganisms causing Q fever, which are also responsible for certain kinds of typhus.
After World War II Robbins became assistant resident at the Children's Hospital, Boston. In 1948 he became a National Research Fellow in virus diseases, working with John Enders and Thomas Weller. By 1952 Robbins and his coworkers had managed to propagate the poliomyelitis virus in tissue cultures. They established that the polio virus can multiply outside nerve tissue and, in fact, exists in the extraneural tissue of the body, only later attacking the lower section of the brain and parts of the spinal cord.
This research enabled the production of polio vaccines, the development of sophisticated diagnostic methods, and the isolation of new viruses. In recognition of this work, Robbins, together with Enders and Weller, received the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine in 1954.
Robbins was director of the pediatrics and contagious diseases department at Cleveland Metropolitan General Hospital, and professor of pediatrics at the Case Western Reserve University, from 1952 until his retirement in 1980. He is married to Alice Havemeyer Northrop, daughter of the Nobel Prize winner John Northrop.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Robbins,Frederick Chapman — Rob·bins (rŏbʹĭnz), Frederick Chapman. Born 1916. American microbiologist. He shared a 1954 Nobel Prize for work on the cultivation of the polio virus. * * * …   Universalium

  • Robbins, Frederick Chapman — ▪ 2004       American pediatrician and virologist (b. Aug. 25, 1916, Auburn, Ala. d. Aug. 4, 2003, Cleveland, Ohio), received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1954 for successfully growing the poliovirus in tissue cultures and… …   Universalium

  • Robbins, Frederick Chapman — ► (n. 1916) Bacteriólogo estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1945, compartido con J. F. Enders y T. Huckle Weller, por su método para el cultivo del virus de la poliomielitis …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Frederick Chapman Robbins — Infobox Scientist name = Frederick Chapman Robbins image width = 150px caption = Frederick Chapman Robbins birth date = birth date|1916|8|25|mf=y birth place = death date = death date and age|2003|8|4|1916|8|25 death place = residence =… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick Chapman Robbins — Frederick Robbins Frederick Robbins Naissance 25 août 1916 Auburn dans l Alabama (États Unis) Décès 4 août 2003 (États Unis) Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Frederick Chapman Robbins — (* 25. August 1916 in Auburn, Alabama, USA; † 4. August 2003 in Cleveland, Ohio, USA) war ein US amerikanischer Mikrobiologe und Arzt. Er erhielt 1954 den Nobelpreis für Physiologie oder Medizin. Robbins wurde als Sohn der beiden Botanik… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frederick Chapman (disambiguation) — Frederick Chapman may refer to:*Frederick Chapman (1864–1943), English born Australian Palaeontologist *Fred Chapman (1872–1957), American baseball player *Frederick Chapman (footballer) (1883–1951), English soccer, 1908 Olympic Gold Medallist… …   Wikipedia

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1954: John Franklin Enders — Frederick Chapman Robbins — Thomas Huckle Weller —   Die amerikanischen Bakteriologen wur den dafür ausgezeichnet, dass sie die Fähigkeit des spinalen Poliomyelitis Virus entdeckt hatten, in Kulturen verschiedener Gewebetypen zu wachsen.    Biografien   John Franklin Enders, * West Hartford… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Robbins — Frederick Chapman …   Scientists

  • Robbins — Robbins, Frederick Chapman …   Enciclopedia Universal

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