Richet , Charles Robert
(1850–1935) French physiologist
Richet, the son of a distinguished Parisian surgeon, studied medicine at the University of Paris. After graduation in 1877 he worked at the Collège de France before he returned to the University of Paris where he served as professor of physiology from 1887 until his retirement in 1927.
Richet worked on a wide variety of problems, which ranged from heat regulation in mammals to the unsuccessful development of an anti-TB serum. His most important work began, however, with his investigation of how dogs react to the poison of a sea anemone. He found that he could induce a most violent reaction in dogs that had survived an original injection without any distress. If 22 days later he gave them a second injection of the same amount then they immediately became extremely ill and died in 25 minutes. Richet had discovered the important reaction of anaphylaxis, a term he coined in 1902 to mean the opposite of phylaxis or protection.
By 1903 he was able to show that the same effect could be produced by any protein whether toxic or not as long as there was a crucial interval of three to four weeks between injections. His work was to have profound implications for the newly emerging science of immunology and gained for Richet the 1913 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Charles Robert Richet — Charles Richet Charles Robert Richet Charles Robert Richet en 1913 Naissance 26 août 1850 (France) Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles Robert Richet — (* 25. oder 26. August 1850 in Paris; † 4. Dezember 1935 ebd.) war ein französischer Mediziner, der 1913 den Nobelpreis für Medizin erhielt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Charles Robert Richet — (n. París, 25 de agosto de 1850 † Paris, 4 de diciembre de 1935). Médico francés. Hijo de Alfredo Richet y de su esposa Eugenia. Estudió en su ciudad natal, se graduó como Doctor de Medicina en 1869, Doctor en Ciencias en 1878 y como su padre,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles Robert Richet — prizes = Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1913)Charles Robert Richet (August 25, 1850 ndash; December 4, 1935) was a French physiologist who initially investigated a variety of subjects such as neurochemistry, digestion, thermoregulation in …   Wikipedia

  • Richet, Charles — ▪ French physiologist in full  Charles Robert Richet  born Aug. 26, 1850, Paris, France died Dec. 4, 1935, Paris  French physiologist who won the 1913 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of and coining of the term anaphylaxis …   Universalium

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1913: Charles Robert Richet —   Der französische Physiologe wurde »in Anerkennung seiner Arbeiten über die Anaphylaxie« mit dem Nobelpreisausgezeichnet.    Biografie   Charles Robert Richet, * Paris 26. 8. 1850, ✝ Paris 4. 12. 1935, 1877 Promotion zum Dr. med. und 1878 zum… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Charles R. Richet — Richet Charles Robert Richet (* 25. oder 26. August 1850 in Paris; † 4. Dezember 1935 ebd.) war ein französischer Mediziner, der 1913 den Nobelpreis für Medizin erhielt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Richet — Richet Charles Robert Richet (* 25. oder 26. August 1850 in Paris; † 4. Dezember 1935 ebd.) war ein französischer Mediziner, der 1913 den Nobelpreis für Medizin erhielt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Richet — Born August 25, 1850(1850 08 25) …   Wikipedia

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