Reines , Frederick
(1918–1998) American physicist
Born at Paterson in New Jersey, Reines was educated at the Stevens Institute of Technology and gained his PhD in theoretical physics at New York University in 1944. From 1944 to 1959 he was a group leader at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, concerned with the physics and effects of nuclear explosions.
He was also concerned with investigations into the neutrino, and with Clyde Cowan performed the first experiments that confirmed its existence in the intense radiations from nuclear reactors. The first tentative observation was in 1953, but more definitive experiments were carried out at the Savannah River nuclear reactors in 1956. Detection of the neutrino is difficult because it can travel very long distances through matter before it interacts. Reines subsequently refined the techniques of detection and measurement.
Reines later turned his attention to looking for the relatively small numbers of natural neutrinos originating in cosmic radiation, and to this end constructed underground detectors looking for signs of interactions in huge vats of perchloroethylene. In the course of this work he devised a method of distinguishing cosmic-ray neutrinos from the muons they produce in traveling through the atmosphere.
In 1959 Reines was appointed head of the physics department at the Case Institute of Technology, Cleveland, and was professor of physics and dean of physical sciences at the University of California at Irvine (1966–87).

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • REINES, FREDERICK — (1918–1998), physicist and Nobel Prize winner. Reines obtained his M.E. and M.S. degrees from Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken, New Jersey, and his Ph.D. from New York University in 1944. He was a member and then group leader of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Reines, Frederick — ▪ 1999       American physicist (b. March 16, 1918, Paterson, N.J. d. Aug. 26, 1998, Orange, Calif.), was awarded the 1995 Nobel Prize for Physics for his detection in 1956 of neutrinos. The existence of these elusive subatomic particles, which… …   Universalium

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  • Frederick Reines — (16 mars 1918 26 août 1998) est un physicien américain. Il est lauréat de la moitié du prix Nobel de physique de 1995 « pour la détection du neutrino » …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Frederick Reines — (* 16. März 1918 in Paterson, New Jersey; † 26. August 1998 in Orange, Kalifornien) war ein amerikanischer Physiker. Für den experimentellen Nachweis des Neutrinos erhielt er zusammen mit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frederick Reines — (16 de marzo, 1918 – 26 de agosto, 1998) fue un físico estadounidense, coganador en 1995 del Premio Nobel de Física por la codetección del antineutrino con Clyde Cowan en el experimento del neutrino. Es considera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Frederick (Vorname) — Frederick ist ein männlicher Vorname. Er ist das englische Pendant zu Friedrich oder Friederich, wird in dieser oder sprachlich leicht angepasster Form aber auch in nicht englischsprachigen Gebieten verwendet. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reines — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Frederick Reines (1918–1998), US amerikanischer Physiker Jizchak Jakob Reines (1839–1915), russischer Rabbiner, Talmudgelehrter und Mitgründer der Mizrachi Bewegung Moses Reines (1870 1891), Historiker,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reines —   [reɪnz], Frederick, amerikanischer Physiker, * Paterson (N. J.) 16. 3. 1918, ✝ Orange (Calif.) 26. 8. 1998; arbeitete 1944 59 in den Los Alamos Scientific Laboratories, 1959 66 Professor am Case Western Institute of Technology, danach Professor …   Universal-Lexikon

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