Rabi , Isidor Isaac
(1898–1988) Austrian–American physicist
Rabi and his parents emigrated to America from Rymanow in Poland, where he was born, while he was still young. He subsequently grew up in a Yiddish-speaking community in New York, where his father ran a grocery store. He was educated at Cornell, graduating in 1919, and Columbia, where he obtained his PhD in 1927. After two years in Europe he returned to Columbia where he spent his whole career until his retirement in 1967, being appointed professor of physics in 1937 and the first University Professor (a position with no departmental duties) there in 1964.
While in Germany (1927) Rabi had worked under Otto Stern and was impressed with the experiment Stern had performed with Walter Gerlach in which the use of molecular beams led to the discovery of space quantization (1922). Consequently Rabi began a research program at Columbia where he invented the atomic- and molecular-beam magnetic-resonance method of observing atomic spectra, a precise means of determining the magnetic moments of fundamental particles. Using his techniques after World War II, experimentalists were able to measure the magnetic moment of the electron to nine significant figures, thus providing a powerful tool for the testing of theories in quantum electrodynamics. The method had wide applications to the atomic clock, to nuclear magnetic resonance, and to the maser and laser. For this work Rabi was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1944.
During the war Rabi worked on the development of microwave radar. In the postwar years he was a member of the General Advisory Committee of the Atomic Energy Commission, serving as its chairman (1952–56) following the resignation of J.Robert Oppenheimer. As a member of the American delegation to UNESCO he originated the movement that led to the foundation of the international laboratory for high-energy physics in Geneva known as CERN.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • RABI, ISIDOR ISAAC — (1898–1988), U.S. physicist and Nobel Prize winner. Rabi was born at Rymanow, Austro Hungary, and taken to the United States when he was a year old. He became a tutor in physics at City College, New York, and won fellowships to various European… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Rabi,Isidor Isaac — Ra·bi (räʹbē), Isidor Isaac. 1898 1988. Austrian born American physicist. He won a 1944 Nobel Prize for his study of magnetic movement of atomic particles. * * * …   Universalium

  • Rabi, Isidor Isaac — ▪ American physicist born July 29, 1898, Rymanów, Austria Hungary [now in Poland] died Jan. 11, l988, New York, N.Y., U.S.  American physicist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1944 for his invention (in 1937) of the atomic and… …   Universalium

  • Rabi, Isidor Isaac — (1898–1988)    US physicist and Nobel laureate, 1944. Rabi, a professor at Columbia University, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work in measuring the magnetic properties of atoms and molecules, using the molecular beam method.… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Rabí, Isidor Isaac — ► (1898 1988) Físico estadounidense de origen austríaco. Fue premio Nobel de Física en 1944 por la determinación de propiedades magnéticas nucleares, utilizando el método de resonancia magné tica …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Isidor Isaac Rabi — Isidor Isaac Rabi. Isidor Isaac Rabi (Rymanów, 1898 Nueva York, 1988). Físico estadounidense de origen austríaco. Recibió el Premio Nobel de Física en 1944. Biografía Nace el 29 de julio de 1898 en Rymanów (Polonia), que entonces formaba parte… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Isidor Isaac Rabi — Isidor Rabi Isidor Isaac Rabi (29 juillet 1898 à Rymanów, Autriche Hongrie 11 janvier 1988 à New York} est un physicien américain d origine austro hongroise. Il est lauréat du prix Nobel de physi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isidor Isaac Rabi — (1944) Isidor Isaac Rabi (* 29. Juli 1898 in Rymanów, Galizien, Österreich Ungarn; † 11. Januar 1988 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isidor Isaac Rabi — (Rymanów, 1898 Nueva York, 1988). Físico estadounidense de origen austríaco. Recibió el Premio Nobel de Física en 1944. Nace el 29 de julio de 1898 en Rymanów (Polonia), que entonces formaba parte del Imperio Austro Húngaro. Un año después sus… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Isidor Isaac Rabi — Infobox Scientist name = Isidor Rabi imagesize = 180px caption = Isidor Isaac Rabi birth date = birth date|1898|7|29|df=y birth place = Rymanów, Galicia, Austria Hungary nationality = United States death date = death date and… …   Wikipedia

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