Pregl , Fritz
(1869–1930) Austrian chemist
Pregl, who was born at Laibach (now Ljubljana in Slovenia), was the son of a bank official. He graduated in medicine from Graz (1893) where he became an assistant in physiological chemistry in 1899. In 1910 he became head of the chemistry department at Innsbruck, remaining there until 1913 when he returned to Graz to become director of the Medico-Chemical Institute.
Pregl began research on bile acids in about 1904 but soon found that he could only obtain tiny amounts. This led him to pioneer techniques of microanalysis. Justus von Liebig had needed about 1 gram of a substance before he could make an accurate analysis; through his new techniques Pregl was capable of working with 2.5 milligrams. This was achieved by the careful scaling down of his analytic equipment and the design of a new balance, which was produced in collaboration with the instrument maker W. Kuhlmann of Hamburg. With this he was capable of weighing 20 grams to an accuracy of 0.001 milligram.
The techniques developed by Pregl are of immense importance in organic chemistry and he was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1923 for this work.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Pregl, Fritz — ▪ Austrian chemist born Sept. 3, 1869, Laibach, Austria Hungary [now Ljubljana, Slovenia] died Dec. 13, 1930, Graz, Austria       Austrian chemist awarded the 1923 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for developing techniques in the microanalysis of… …   Universalium

  • Pregl, Fritz — ► (1869 1930) Químico austríaco. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1923, por el descubrimiento del método de microanálisis cuantitativo de las materias orgánicas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pregl Fritz — Прегль Фриц (1869 1930) химик, заложил основы количественного микроанализа органических веществ. Лауреат Нобелевской премии …   Австрия. Лингвострановедческий словарь

  • Pregl — Pregl, Fritz …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fritz Pregl — (* 3. September 1869 in Laibach, Österreich Ungarn, heute Slowenien; † 13. Dezember 1930 in Graz) war ein österreichischer Chemiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fritz Pregl — Fritz (Friderik) Pregl (Ljubljana, 3 de septiembre de 1869 Graz, 13 de diciembre de 1930) fue un químico austríaco de origen esloveno. Biografía Nació el 3 de septiembre de 18 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pregl — Pregl,   Fritz, österreichischer Chemiker, * Ljubljana 3. 9. 1869, ✝ Graz 13. 12. 1930; 1910 13 Professor in Innsbruck, danach in Graz. Arbeiten zur Biochemie führten Pregl zur Entwicklung der quantitativen Mikroanalyse organischer Verbindungen.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pregl — (izg. prégl), Fritz (1869 1930) DEFINICIJA austrijski kemičar, osnivač mikroanalize; Nobelova nagrada za kemiju 1923 …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Fritz Pregl — Portait de Fritz Pregl Fritz Pregl (né Friderik Pregl le 3 septembre 1869 à Ljubljana, Slovénie 13 décembre 1930) était un chimiste autrichien. Il a obtenu le prix Lieben en 1914, puis le prix Nobel de chi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fritz Pregl Prize — is awarded annually since 1931 by the Austrian Academy of Sciences from the funds left at its disposal by the Nobel prize winning chemist Fritz Pregl to an Austrian scientist for distinguished achievements in chemistry.The list of recipients: *… …   Wikipedia

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