Pople , John A.
(1925–) British theoretical chemist
Pople was born in Burnham-on-Sea, Somerset, and gained his PhD in mathematics in 1951 at Cambridge. In 1964 he became professor of chemical physics at Carnego-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, and in 1986 moved to Northwestern University as professor of chemistry. In 1998 he shared the Nobel Prize for chemistry with Walter Kohn. Pople received his award for the development of computational methods in quantum chemistry.
Pople developed the whole quantum-chemical methodology currently used in various areas of chemistry. This makes it possible to study the configurations and properties of molecules and how they interact, using the basic principles of quantum mechanics. Details of a molecule or a reaction are fed to a computer, which outputs a list of properties of the molecule or describes how the reaction will proceed. Pople's main contribution to the process was the development in 1970 of a user-friendly program known as GAUSSIAN-70, now used by theoretical research chemists throughout the world. He continued to refine the methodology, accumulating a well-documented model chemistry, which by the early 1990s was able to incorporate Kohn's density-function theory.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • John A. Pople — John Pople Sir John Anthony Pople (31 octobre 1925 15 mars 2004) est un théoricien de la chimie. Pople naît à Burnham on Sea dans le Somerset, il fait ses études secondaires à la Bristol Grammar School. Il obtient son bachelor en 1946 et un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John A. Pople — Sir John Anthony Pople (* 31. Oktober 1925 in Burnham on Sea; † 15. März 2004 in Sarasota, Florida) war ein britischer Mathematiker und theoretischer Chemiker. Leben und Wirken Er erlangte an der Bristol Grammar School seine Hochschulzulassung,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pople, Sir John A. — ▪ British mathematician and chemist in full  Sir John Anthony Pople  born October 31, 1925, Burnham on Sea, Somerset, England died March 15, 2004, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.       British mathematician and chemist who, with Walter Kohn (Kohn,… …   Universalium

  • Pople — John A …   Scientists

  • John Anthony Pople — John Pople Sir John Anthony Pople (31 octobre 1925 15 mars 2004) est un théoricien de la chimie. Pople naît à Burnham on Sea dans le Somerset, il fait ses études secondaires à la Bristol Grammar School. Il obtient son bachelor en 1946 et un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pople —   [pəʊpl], John A., britischer Chemiker, * Burnham on Sea (Somerset) 31. 10. 1925; 1964 86 Professor in Pittsburgh, danach in Evanston. Pople erhielt für seine Arbeiten zu Berechnungsmethoden in der Quantenchemie mit W. Kohn 1998 den Nobelpreis… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • John Pople — Sir John Anthony Pople (31 octobre 1925 15 mars 2004) est un chimiste théoricien. Il est lauréat de la moitié du prix Nobel de chimie de 1998[1]. Biographie Pople naît à Burnham on Sea dans le Somerset, il fait ses études secondaires à la Bristol …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pople, Sir John Anthony — ▪ 2005       British mathematical chemist (b. Oct. 31, 1925, Burnham on Sea, Somerset, Eng. d. March 15, 2004, Chicago, Ill.), won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1998 for his development of computational methods for modeling chemical reactions; …   Universalium

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  • John B. Fenn — John Bennett Fenn Naissance 15 juin 1917 New York, État de New York (États Unis) Décès 10 décembre 2010 …   Wikipédia en Français

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