Perkin , William Henry, Jr.
(1860–1929) British chemist
Perkin, who was born at Sudbury near London, was the elder son of the famous chemist who discovered the aniline dyes, also called William Henry Perkin. As a child he assisted his father in his private laboratory. He was educated at the City of London School and then in 1877 followed his father to the Royal College of Chemistry. He then went to Germany where he studied at the universities of Würzburg and Munich. On his return to England he worked at Manchester before being appointed professor of chemistry at Heriot-Watt College, Edinburgh, in 1887. In 1892 he returned to Manchester as professor of organic chemistry and in 1912 he became Waynflete Professor of Chemistry at Oxford.
Perkin was a very practical chemist who, in a long career, achieved many syntheses and analyses. His first success came in his student days in Munich. It had been argued by Victor Meyer in 1876 that no ring with fewer than six carbon atoms could exist. Perkin succeeded in 1884 in preparing rings with four carbon atoms.
Of the many molecules he synthesized are the terpenes, limonene (1904), the oxygenated terpineol (1904), and camphoric acid (1903). He worked on many alkaloids, including strychnine and on natural coloring compounds like brazilin. Perkin also worked with William Pope, showing that optical activity can be found in compounds in which the carbon atoms are not necessarily asymmetrical.
He produced three chemical works in collaboration with Frederic Kipping and also did much to stimulate the growth of chemistry at Oxford by campaigning for the new laboratories that were opened there in 1922.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • William Henry Perkin, Jr. — Infobox Scientist name = William Henry Perkin, Jr. image width = caption = birth date = 1860 birth place = Sudbury, England residence = England nationality = English death date = 1929 death place = field = work institution = Heriot Watt College,… …   Wikipedia

  • Perkin — is a surname, and may refer to:* Graham Perkin * Richard Scott Perkin * Sir William Henry Perkin * William Henry Perkin, Jr.ee also* Perkins * Parkin * PerkinElmer …   Wikipedia

  • Perkin Medal — The Perkin Medal is an award given annually by the American section of the Society of Chemical Industry to a scientist residing in America for an innovation in applied chemistry resulting in outstanding commercial development. It is considered… …   Wikipedia

  • William Murdoch — Infobox Scientist name = William Murdoch box width = image width = caption = birth date = Birth date|1754|08|21 birth place = Cumnock, East Ayrshire, Scotland death date = dda|1839|11|15|1754|08|21 death place = Handsworth, nr. Birmingham,… …   Wikipedia

  • Perkin Warbeck (play) — Perkin Warbeck is a Caroline era history play by John Ford. It is generally ranked as one of Ford s three masterpieces, along with Tis Pity She s a Whore and The Broken Heart . T. S. Eliot went so far as to call Perkin Warbeck unquestionably Ford …   Wikipedia

  • Medalla Perkin — La Medalla Perkin es un premio que se otorga anualmente por la sección americana de la Sociedad de la Industria Química a un científico residente en los Estados Unidos de Norteamérica en mérito a una innovación en química aplicada resultante en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Triángulo de Perkin — Triángulo de Perkin. El Triángulo de Perkin es un aparato especializado para realizar la destilación de materiales sensibles al aire. Su nombre hace honor a William Henry Perkin Jr., cuyo diseño poseía una forma aproximadamente triangular. La… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Liste der Erfinder — Dies ist eine Liste von Erfindern, die die Welt mit ihren Erfindungen bereichert haben. Ein Erfinder ist jemand, der ein Problem erkannt hat, es gelöst und mindestens einmal damit Erfolg gehabt hat. Er muss nicht der erste gewesen sein; eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Queen's Medal — Die Royal Medal, auch The Queen s Medal genannt, ist eine von der Royal Society verliehene Auszeichnung für Wissenschaftler, die innerhalb des Commonwealth of Nations besonders wichtige Beiträge zur Weiterentwicklung der Wissenschaften geleistet… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Per–Pes — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”