Adler , Alfred
(1870–1937) Austrian psychologist
Adler was born in Penzing, Austria, the son of a corn merchant, and was educated at the University of Vienna, where he obtained his MD in 1895. After two years at the Vienna General Hospital he set up in private practice in 1898.
In about 1900 Adler began investigating psychopathology and in 1902 he became an original member of Sigmund Freud's circle, which met to discuss psychoanalytical matters. His disagreements with Freud began as early as 1907 – he dismissed Freud's view that sexual conflicts in early childhood cause mental illness – and he finally broke away from the psychoanalytic movement in 1911 to form his own school of individual psychology. Adler tended to minimize the role of the unconscious and sexual repression and instead to see the neurotic as overcompensating for his or her ‘inferiority complex’, a term he himself introduced. His system was fully expounded in his Practice and Theory of Individual Psychology (1927). In 1921 Adler founded his first child-guidance clinic in Vienna, which was to be followed by over 30 more before the Nazi regime in Vienna forced their closure in 1932. From 1926 onward he began to spend more and more time in America, finally settling there permanently in 1932 and taking a professorship of psychiatry at the Long Island College of Medicine, New York, a post he retained until his death from a heart attack while lecturing in Aberdeen in Scotland.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ADLER, ALFRED — (1870–1937), Austrian psychiatrist. He was the founder of individual psychology, a theory of personality and method of psychotherapy based on the concepts of unity, self determination, and future orientation of man. His views were opposed to the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Adler, Alfred — born Feb. 7, 1870, Penzing, Austria died May 28, 1937, Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, Scot. Austrian psychiatrist. He earned his medical degree in Vienna, and from his earliest years as a physician he stressed consideration of the individual in… …   Universalium

  • Adler, Alfred — (1870–1937)    Among Sigmund Freud’s most important students, Adler followed his mentor’s early career trajectory as well. He trained as a physician and psychiatrist and worked in the laboratory of the brain specialist Theodore Meynert… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Adler, Alfred — ► (1870 1937) Psicólogo vienés. Modificó las teorías de su maestro Freud y creó la psicología individual, que atribuye la causa de los desequilibrios emocionales a las deficiencias o debilidades actuales o imaginadas de la persona. Creó la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adler, Alfred — (1870–1937)    Austrian psychologist. For many years, Adler was a prominent member of Freud’s intimate psychoanalytical circle in Vienna, but with the publication of his own theories in 1911, he resigned and founded a society and a journal of his …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Adler,Alfred — Ad·ler (ädʹlər, ădʹ ), Alfred. 1870 1937. Austrian psychiatrist who rejected Sigmund Freud s emphasis on sexuality and theorized that neurotic behavior is an overcompensation for feelings of inferiority. * * * …   Universalium

  • Adler, Alfred — (1870 1937)    Austrian psychia trist. Born in Vienna, he studied medicine and opened a practice there. After meeting Sigmund Freud, he became a member of his inner circle. Later he disagreed with Freud about the role of sexual factors in… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Adler Alfred — Адлер Альфред (1870 1937) врач психиатр и психолог, ученик З. Фрейда. Основатель индивидуальной психологии. Главным источником мотивации считал стремление к самоутверждению как компенсации возникающего в детстве чувства неполноценности. Оказал… …   Австрия. Лингвострановедческий словарь

  • ADLER, Alfred — (1870 1937)    Austrian psychiatrist whose passionate concern with social problems led him to embrace socialism. Many of his ideas like the inferiority complex have been incorporated into popular speech. His books include    Understanding Human… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Alfred Adler — (* 7. Februar 1870 in Rudolfsheim bei Wien, heute der 15. Wiener Gemeindebezirk, Rudolfsheim Fünfhaus; † 28. Mai 1937 in Aberdeen, Schottland) war ein österreichischer Arzt und Psyc …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”