Palade , George Emil
(1912–) Romanian–American physiologist and cell biologist
Palade was born at Iasi in Romania. Educated at Bucharest University, where he was professor of physiology during World War II, he emigrated to America in 1946, becoming a naturalized citizen in 1952. He worked at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, New York, becoming professor of cytology there (1958–72). In 1972 he became director of studies in cell biology at Yale University's medical school. In 1990 he was appointed dean of scientific affairs at the University of California at San Diego.
Palade's work has been primarily concerned with studies of the fine structure of animal cells, although he has also investigated the nature of plant chloroplasts. He has shown that minute semisolid structures in cells, known as mitochondria, have an enzymic effect, oxidizing fats and sugars and releasing energy. His discovery of even smaller bodies called microsomes, which function independently of the mitochondria (of which they were previously thought to be part), showed them to be rich in ribonucleic acid (RNA) and therefore the site of protein manufacture. The microsomes were subsequently renamed ribosomes. For his work in cellular biology, Palade received, with Albert Claude and Christian de Duve, the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine (1974).

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Palade, George Emil — ▪ 2009       Romanian born American cell biologist born Nov. 19, 1912, Iasi, Rom. died Oct. 7, 2008, Del Mar, Calif. developed tissue preparation methods, advanced centrifuging techniques, and conducted electron microscopy studies that resulted… …   Universalium

  • Palade, George Emil — ► (n. 1912) Biólogo estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología, en 1974, junto con A. Claude y Ch. R. de Duve, por sus trabajos sobre el ribosoma …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George Emil Palade — est un savant d origine roumaine, naturalisé américain en 1952, né le 19 novembre 1912 à Iași en Roumanie, mort le 8 octobre 2008 à San Diego aux États Unis[1]. Il a remporté le prix Nobel de médecine en 1974 pour ses travaux sur le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George Emil Palade — (* 19. November 1912 in Iași, Rumänien; † 7. Oktober 2008 in Del Mar, Kalifornien) war ein US amerikanischer Forscher rumänischer Herkunft und Träger des Nobelpreises für Physiologie oder Medizin 1974. Palade wurde als Sohn eines… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Emil Palade — Infobox Scientist name = George Emil Palade box width = image size =150px caption =Dr. Palade won the Nobel Prize in 1974. birth date = November 19, 1912 birth place = Iaşi, Romania death date = death date and age|2008|10|8|1912|11|19 death place …   Wikipedia

  • Palade, George E. — ▪ Romanian born American cell biologist in full  George Emil Palade  born Nov. 19, 1912, Iaşi, Rom. died Oct. 7, 2008, Del Mar, Calif., U.S.       Romanian born American cell biologist who developed tissue preparation methods, advanced… …   Universalium

  • George Emil Palade — …   Википедия

  • Palade — George Emil …   Scientists

  • Palade — Palade, George Emil …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George E. Palade — George Emil Palade (* 19. November 1912 in Iaşi, Rumänien; † 7. Oktober 2008 in Del Mar, Kalifornien) war ein amerikanischer Forscher rumänischer Herkunft und Träger des Nobelpreises für Physiologie oder Medizin 1974. Palade wurde als Sohn eines… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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