Osheroff , Douglas
(1945–) American physicist
Osheroff was educated at California College of Technology, Pasadena, and at Cornell, where he gained his PhD in 1973. After working at Bell Labs he moved to Stanford in 1987 as professor of physics.
In 1972, while still a Cornell graduate student of David Lee, Osheroff made a crucial observation that led to the discovery of the supposedly impossible superfluidity of helium-3. He was actually studying magnetism in helium-3 but, because the magnetic equipment was required elsewhere, Osheroff was detailed to test a new refrigeration device. He noted an unexpected blip in the cooling rate when the solid–liquid mixture fell to 2.6 millikelvins (2.6 millionth of a degree above absolute zero). He had in fact observed a phase transition. Further work revealed that the transition was from a normal fluid to a superfluid.
For his work on superfluidity Osheroff shared the 1996 Nobel Prize for physics with David Lee and Robert Richardson.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • OSHEROFF, DOUGLAS DEAN — (1945– ) U.S. physicist and Nobel Laureate. Osheroff was born in Aberdeen, Washington, and graduated from the California Institute of Technology before gaining his Ph.D. in physics from Cornell University. He joined the Department of Solid State… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • Douglas Dean Osheroff — Douglas D. Osheroff Douglas Dean Osheroff (* 1. August 1945 in Aberdeen, Washington) ist ein US amerikanischer Physiker. 1973 promovierte er in Physik an der Cornell Universität in Ithaca/New York. Derzeit ist er Physikprofessor an der Stanford… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Douglas D. Osheroff — Douglas Dean Osheroff (* 1. August 1945 in Aberdeen, Washington) ist ein US amerikanischer Physiker. 1973 promovierte er in Physik an der Cornell Universität in Ithaca (New York). Derzeit ist er Physikprofessor an der Stanford Universität in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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