Odling , William
(1829–1921) British chemist
Odling, the son of a London surgeon, studied medicine at London University before moving into chemistry. He studied in Paris under Charles Gerhardt and in 1863 was appointed professor of chemistry at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London. In 1867 he succeeded Michael Faraday as Fullerian Professor at the Royal Institution, London, and in 1872 he moved to Oxford University to take up the Waynflete Chair of Chemistry until his retirement in 1912.
Odling was one of the pioneers of the valence theory first propounded by Edward Frankland in 1852. Although the term ‘valence’ was not in use in 1854 when Odling first wrote on the topic, he had a clear idea of the concept, which he referred to as replaceable or representative value. Odling, like many of his contemporaries, was skeptical of the existence of atoms, and it was not until the 1890s that his misgivings were overcome. From his work on atomic weights he was led to suggest that the atomic weight of oxygen should be 16, not 8. In 1861 he was able to clear up a troublesome problem over oxygen by suggesting that ozone was triatomic; this was later confirmed by J. Soret in 1866. Odling also studied and classified silicates.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • William Odling — William Odling, FRS (5 September 1829, Southwark, London 17 February 1921, Oxford) was an English chemist who contributed to the development of the periodic table. In the 1860s Odling, like many chemists, was working towards a periodic table of… …   Wikipedia

  • Odling — William Odling (* 5. September 1829 in Southwark (heute zu London); † 17. Februar 1921 in Oxford) war ein englischer Chemiker. Leben und Wirken William Odling war ab 1863 Professor in London und von 1872 bis 1912 an der Oxford University. Er war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Odling — (* 5. September 1829 in Southwark (heute zu London); † 17. Februar 1921 in Oxford) war ein englischer Chemiker. Leben und Wirken William Odling war ab 1863 Professor in London und von 1872 bis 1912 an der Oxford University. Er war um 1855… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Henry Perkin, Jr. — Infobox Scientist name = William Henry Perkin, Jr. image width = caption = birth date = 1860 birth place = Sudbury, England residence = England nationality = English death date = 1929 death place = field = work institution = Heriot Watt College,… …   Wikipedia

  • Odling — Ọdling,   William, britischer Chemiker, * Southwark (heute zu London) 5. 9. 1829, ✝ Oxford 17. 2. 1921; war 1867 72 Professor in London, danach in Oxford. Odling trug wesentlich dazu bei, die Typentheorie von A. Laurent und C. Gerhardt… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Liste der Biografien/Od — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Classification périodique — Tableau périodique des éléments Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tableau. Le tableau périodique des éléments, également appelé table de Mendeleïev, classification périodique des éléments (CPE) ou simplement tableau périodique, représente tous… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Classification périodique des éléments — Tableau périodique des éléments Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tableau. Le tableau périodique des éléments, également appelé table de Mendeleïev, classification périodique des éléments (CPE) ou simplement tableau périodique, représente tous… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Structure du tableau périodique — Tableau périodique des éléments Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tableau. Le tableau périodique des éléments, également appelé table de Mendeleïev, classification périodique des éléments (CPE) ou simplement tableau périodique, représente tous… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Table de Mendeleïev — Tableau périodique des éléments Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tableau. Le tableau périodique des éléments, également appelé table de Mendeleïev, classification périodique des éléments (CPE) ou simplement tableau périodique, représente tous… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”