Niepce , Joseph-Nicéphore
(1765–1833) French inventor
Niepce, who made the first permanent photographic image, came from a wealthy family in Châlon-sur-Saône, eastern France, that fled the French Revolution. He returned to serve with Napoleon Bonaparte's army, but after being dismissed because of ill health, went back to his birthplace (1801) to do scientific research.
With his brother, Niepce built an internal-combustion engine (1807) for boats using carbon and resin for fuel. In 1813 he started the attempt to record images, on paper coated with silver chloride. He produced his first image, a view from his workroom, in 1816, but was only able to fix this partially with nitric acid. In 1822 he produced a photographic copy of an engraving using a glass plate coated with bitumen of Judea. Later (1826) he used a pewter plate to make the first permanent camera photograph. He also devised the first mechanical reproduction process. The main difficulty was the long exposure times needed – over eight hours. Niepce formed a partnership with the Parisian painter, Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre in 1826 to perfect the process of heliography but he died before seeing the final success of his efforts.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Niépce, Joseph-Nicéphore — (1765 1833)    physicist, inventor    Considered the inventor of photography, Joseph Nicéphore Niépce was born in Chalon sur Saône. He began his experiments in photography with his brother Claude in 1793, using light sensitive compounds of silver …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Niepce, (Joseph-) Nicéphore — born March 7, 1765, Chalon sur Saône, France died July 5, 1833, Chalon sur Saône French inventor. In 1807 Niepce and his brother invented an internal combustion engine (fueled with lycopodium powder). In 1813 he began experiments with lithography …   Universalium

  • Niépce, (Joseph-) Nicéphore — (7 mar. 1765, Chalon sur Saône, Francia–5 jul. 1833, Chalon sur Saône). Inventor francés. En 1807, Niépce y su hermano inventaron una máquina de combustión interna que usaba licopodio en polvo como combustible. En 1813 comenzó a experimentar con… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Niepce, Joseph Nicéphore — (7.3.1765 5.7.1833) Französischer Künstler und Wissenschaftler. Vermutlich um seine eigenen Zeichnungen billig reproduzieren zu können, experimentierte er wahrscheinlich ab 1816 mit diversen fotografischen Verfahren. Seine Versuche mit… …   Das Lexikon aus „Bernie's Foto-Programm"

  • Niepce, Joseph-Nicéphore — ► (1765 1833) Físico francés. Fue uno de los precursores de la fotografía …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joseph Nicephore Niepce — Joseph Nicéphore Nièpce Joseph Nicéphore Nièpce, auch Niépce oder Niepce (* 7. März 1765 in Chalon sur Saône, Frankreich; † 5. Juli 1833 in Saint Loup de Varennes nahe Chalon sur Saône), war der Erfinder der weltweit ersten Fotografie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Nicéphore Niepce — Joseph Nicéphore Nièpce Joseph Nicéphore Nièpce, auch Niépce oder Niepce (* 7. März 1765 in Chalon sur Saône, Frankreich; † 5. Juli 1833 in Saint Loup de Varennes nahe Chalon sur Saône), war der Erfinder der weltweit ersten Fotografie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Nicéphore Niépce — Joseph Nicéphore Nièpce Joseph Nicéphore Nièpce, auch Niépce oder Niepce (* 7. März 1765 in Chalon sur Saône, Frankreich; † 5. Juli 1833 in Saint Loup de Varennes nahe Chalon sur Saône), war der Erfinder der weltweit ersten Fotografie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Nicéphore Nièpce — Joseph Nicéphore Nièpce, auch Niépce oder Niepce (französische Aussprache: [njɛps]) (* 7. März 1765 in Chalon sur Saône, Frankreich; † 5. Juli 1833 in Saint Loup de Varennes nahe Chalon sur Saône), war der Erfinder der Heliografie, der weltweit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Nicephore Niepce — Nicéphore Niépce Joseph Nicéphore Niépce Naissance 7 mars 1765 Chalon sur Saône, France Décès 5 juillet 1833 …   Wikipédia en Français

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