Murad , Ferid
(1936–) American physician and pharmacologist
Murad was born in Whiting, Indiana, and graduated as an MD from the Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, in 1965. Three years later he gained his PhD from the department of pharmacology at the same university. He has held many important appointments; since 1988 he has worked at the Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois. In 1998 he shared the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine with Robert Furchgott and Louis Ignarro for their discovery that molecules of the gas nitrogen monoxide (nitric oxide, NO) can transmit signals in the cardiovascular system.
The hitherto unknown substance endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) had been discovered by Furchgott in 1980. Murad researched the action of glyceryl trinitrate (nitroglycerin) and related vasodilators, and in 1977 discovered that they release nitrogen monoxide, which relaxes the walls of smooth muscle cells. It thus has the effect of controlling the blood pressure and this is why glyceryl trinitrate is prescribed as a drug to treat the heart condition atherosclerosis (as ironically it once was for Alfred Nobel, who invented the nitroglycerin-containing dynamite). Murad also speculated that hormones and other endogenous factors might act in a similar way, although no evidence of this was forthcoming.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Murad Ferid — (* 11. April 1908 in Saloniki; † 11. Oktober 1998 in München) war ein deutscher Rechtswissenschaftler und ordentlicher Professor an der Universität München. Seine Schwerpunkte lagen im bürgerlichen Recht, im internationalen Privatrecht, im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Murad, Ferid — born Sept. 14, 1936, Whiting, Ind., U.S. U.S. pharmacologist. He received his M.D. and Ph.D. from Western Reserve University (later Case Western Reserve University). Murad showed that nitroglycerin and related heart drugs induce the formation of… …   Universalium

  • Murad, Ferid — (n. 14 sep. 1936, Whiting, Ind., EE.UU.). Farmacólogo estadounidense. Obtuvo su M.D. y Ph.D. en la Universidad Western Reserve (post., Case Western Reserve). Murad demostró que la nitroglicerina y los medicamentos cardiovasculares afines, inducen …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Murad — Ferid …   Scientists

  • Ferid Murad — (* 14. September 1936 in Whiting, Indiana, USA) ist ein US amerikanischer Arzt und Pharmakologe, der 1998 den Nobelpreis für Medizin erhielt. Biografie Murad, Sohn eines …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ferid Murad — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ferid Murad Ferid Murad (14 de septiembre de 1936) es un médico y farmacólogo estadounidense. Hijo de un albanés John Murad (nacido como Xhabir Murat Ejupi) y de una estadounidense Henrietta Bowman nació en Whiting,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ferid — ist ein Vor und Familienname. Vorname Ferid Alnar (1906–1978), türkischer Komponist Ferid Murad (* 1936), US amerikanischer Arzt und Pharmakologe Familienname Murad Ferid (1908–1998), deutscher Rechtswissenschaftler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Murad — I Murad,   Ferid, amerikan. Mediziner, * Whiting (Ind.) 4. 9. 1936. M. erhielt mit L. J. Ignarro und R. F. Furchgott 1998 den Nobelpreis für Medizin oder Physiologie für die Entdeckung der Bedeutung des Stickoxids als Signalgeber im Herz… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ferid Murad — Murad en 2008 Naissance 14 septembre 1936 Whiting (États Unis) Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Murad — (also spelled Mourad, Arabic: مراد‎) is a masculine Arabic given name, it may refer to: Contents 1 Given name 2 Surname 3 Other 4 See also …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”