Morton , William Thomas Green
(1819–1868) American dentist
Morton, who was born the son of a small farmer and village shopkeeper in Charlton City, Massachusetts, is believed to have trained as a dentist at the Baltimore College of Dentistry. After a brief partnership with Horace Wells, Morton set up in practice in Boston.
To alleviate the pain of tooth extraction Morton experimented with such drugs as opium and alcohol, but only succeeded in making his patients violently sick. The chemist Charles Jackson advised Morton to try ether, an old student standby, as a local anesthetic. This was moderately effective and Morton decided to try ether inhalation to produce general anesthesia. He first used ether to extract a tooth on 30 September 1860. His initial successes left Morton confident enough to offer to demonstrate his technique at the Massachusetts General Hospital. He was successful in using it on a patient who was undergoing a tumor operation. His innovation was well received by the leading surgeon John Warren and the use of ether quickly gained acceptance in medical practice. The news soon spread to Europe and in December 1846 Robert Liston, the skilled British surgeon, used ether in a painless and successful leg amputation at University College Hospital, London.
Morton subsequently went to a lot of trouble trying to patent his anesthetic and fight off competitors, notably Jackson, who were claiming priority. His wrangling with Jackson, the government, and the law courts achieved little and Morton died virtually penniless while traveling to New York to answer yet another attack on him from Jackson.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Morton,William Thomas Green — Morton, William Thomas Green. 1819 1868. American dentist who demonstrated the use of ether as an anesthetic (1846). * * * …   Universalium

  • Morton, William Thomas Green — ▪ American surgeon born Aug. 9, 1819, Charlton, Mass., U.S. died July 15, 1868, New York City       American dental surgeon who in 1846 gave the first successful public demonstration of ether anesthesia (anesthetic) during surgery. He is credited …   Universalium

  • William Thomas Green Morton — (* 9. August 1819 in Charlton, Massachusetts; † 15. Juli 1868 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Zahnarzt und Wegbereiter des Einsatzes der Narkose in Chirurgie und Zahnheilkunde. Er war verantwortlich für …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Thomas Green Morton — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Morton. William Thomas Green Morton utilisant l éther comme anesthésique en 1846. William Thomas Green Morton (né le 9 août 1819 et d …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Morton — William Thomas Green …   Scientists

  • William T.G. Morton — William Thomas Green Morton William Thomas Green Morton (* 9. August 1819 in Charlton, Massachusetts; † 15. Juli 1868 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Zahnarzt und Wegbereiter des Einsatzes der Narkose in Chirurgie und Zahnheilkunde. Er war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Morton — ist der Name folgender Orte: im Vereinigten Königreich: Morton (Derbyshire) Morton (Gloucestershire) Morton (Isle of Wight) Morton (Norfolk) Morton (Nottinghamshire) Morton and Hanthorpe in Lincolnshire Morton on Swale in North Yorkshire in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Morton — Morton1 [môrt′ n] n. [orig. surname & place name < OE Mor tun < mor, a swamp, MOOR1 + tun,TOWN] a masculine name: dim. Mort, Morty Morton2 [môrt′ n] 1. Ferdinand Joseph (born Ferdinand Joseph Lamothe) 1890 1941; U.S. jazz pianist & composer …   English World dictionary

  • William T. G. Morton — Infobox Scientist name = William Thomas Green Morton box width = image width =150px caption = birth date = August 9, 1819 birth place = Charlton, Massachusetts death date = July 15, 1868 death place = New York City spouse = Elizabeth Whitman… …   Wikipedia

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