Monod , Jacques Lucien

Monod , Jacques Lucien
(1910–1976) French biochemist
Monod was born in Paris, and graduated from the university there in 1931; he became assistant professor of zoology in 1934, having spent the years immediately following his graduation investigating the origin of life. After World War II, in which he served in the Resistance, he joined the Pasteur Institute, becoming head of the cellular biochemistry department in 1953.
In 1958 Monod began working with François Jacob and Arthur Pardee on the regulation of enzyme synthesis in mutant bacteria. This work led to the formulation, by Monod and Jacob, of a theory explaining gene action and particularly how genes are switched on and off as necessary. In 1960 they introduced the term ‘operon’ for a closely linked group of genes, each of which controls a different step in a given biochemical pathway. The following year they postulated the existence of a molecule, messenger RNA, that carries the genetic information necessary for protein synthesis from the operon to the ribosomes, where proteins are made. For this work Monod and Jacob were awarded the 1965 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine, which they shared with André Lwoff, who was also working on bacterial genetics.
In 1971 Monod became director of the Pasteur Institute and in the same year published the best-selling book Chance and Necessity, in which he argued that life arose by chance and progressed to its present level as a necessary consequence of the pressures exerted by natural selection.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monod,Jacques Lucien — Mo·nod (mô nōʹ), Jacques Lucien. 1910 1976. French biochemist. He shared a 1965 Nobel Prize for the study of regulatory activity in body cells. * * * …   Universalium

  • Monod, Jacques (Lucien) — born Feb. 9, 1910, Paris, France died May 31, 1976, Cannes French biochemist. In 1961 he and Francois Jacob proposed the existence of messenger RNA (mRNA), theorizing that the messenger carries the information encoded in the base sequence to the… …   Universalium

  • Monod, Jacques (Lucien) — (9 feb. 1910, París, Francia–31 may. 1976, Cannes). Bioquímico francés. En 1961 junto con Francois Jacob propusieron la existencia del ARN mensajero (mARN), especulando que el mensajero lleva la información codificada en la secuencia de bases a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jacques Lucien Monod — (* 9. Februar 1910 in Paris; † 31. Mai 1976 in Cannes) war ein französischer Biochemiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Ehrungen 3 Schriften 4 Weblinks …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Monod, Jacques — ▪ French biochemist in full  Jacques Lucien Monod  born Feb. 9, 1910, Paris, France died May 31, 1976, Cannes       French biochemist who, with François Jacob (Jacob, François), did much to elucidate how genes regulate cell metabolism by… …   Universalium

  • Jacques Lucien Monod — noun French biochemist who (with Francois Jacob) explained how genes are activated and suggested the existence of messenger RNA (1910 1976) • Syn: ↑Monod, ↑Jacques Monod • Instance Hypernyms: ↑biochemist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Monod — Jacques Lucien …   Scientists

  • Jacques Monod — Born February 9, 1910(1910 02 09) Paris, France Died May 31, 1976(1976 05 31) (aged 66) Paris, France …   Wikipedia

  • Jacques-Louis Monod — Infobox musical artist | Name = Jacques Louis Monod Img size = Landscape = Background = non performing personnel Birth name = Alias = Born = Birth date and age|1927|2|25|mf=y flagicon|France Died = Origin = Paris, France Instrument = Genre = 20th …   Wikipedia

  • Jacques — /zhahk/, n. a male given name, French form of Jacob or James. * * * (as used in expressions) Jacques Fournier Besson Jacques Bossuet Jacques Bénigne Brel Jacques Brissot de Warville Jacques Pierre Callot Jacques Cartier Jacques Chirac Jacques… …   Universalium

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