Bayliss , Sir William Maddock
(1860–1924) British physiologist
Bayliss was the son of a wealthy iron manufacturer in Wolverhampton. In 1881 he entered University College, London, as a medical student but when he failed his second MB exam in anatomy he gave up medicine to concentrate on physiology. He graduated from Oxford University in 1888, then returned to University College, where he worked for the rest of his life, holding the chair of general physiology from 1912. Bayliss was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1903 and was knighted in 1922.
He was chiefly interested in the physiology of the nervous, digestive, and vascular systems, on which he worked in association with his brother-in-law, Ernest Starling. Their most important work, published in 1902, was the discovery of the action of a hormone (secretin) in controlling digestion. They showed that in normal digestion the acidic contents of the stomach stimulate production of the hormone secretin when they reach the duodenum. Secretin is transported in the bloodstream to initiate secretion of digestive juices by the pancreas. In 1915 Bayliss produced what became a standard textbook on physiology,Principles of General Physiology.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Bayliss, Sir William Maddock — born May 2, 1860, Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, Eng. died Aug. 27, 1924, London British physiologist. He and Ernest H. Starling studied nerve controlled blood vessel contraction and dilation and discovered the peristaltic wave. In 1902 they… …   Universalium

  • Bayliss Sir, William Maddock — (2 may. 1860, Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, Inglaterra–27 ago. 1924, Londres). Fisiólogo británico. Con Ernest H. Starling estudiaron la contracción y dilatación de los vasos sanguíneos bajo control nervioso y descubrieron las ondas peristálticas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bayliss, sir William Maddock — ► (1860 1924) Fisiólogo británico. Descubrió la secretina en 1904 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • William Maddock Bayliss — Sir William Maddock Bayliss (* 2. Mai 1860 in Butcroft, Wednesbury; † 27. August 1924 in London) war ein britischer Physiologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Leistung 3 Ehrungen (Auswahl) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Maddock Bayliss — Sir William Maddock Bayliss Nacimiento 2 de mayo de 1860 Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, Inglaterra Fallecimiento 27 de agosto de 1924 Londres Inglaterra Residencia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bayliss — Bayliss, sir William Maddock …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • sir — (Voz inglesa.) ► sustantivo masculino Tratamiento honorífico empleado por los británicos. * * * sir (ingl.; pronunc. [ser]) m. *Tratamiento de respeto usado en Inglaterra delante de un nombre de hombre o para dirigirse a la persona de que se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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